Personality psychology Essay

Karen Aldrich MaidsS514 Year Two Module 3 Tutor Term Jacqueline Johnson Words 2554 Describe and evaluate Carl Jungs theory concerning character types and show how they might usefully support a specialist to determine healing goals. Launch For this essay we were asked to describe and evaluate Carl Jungs theory concerning character types and how these hypotheses might help a therapist to ascertain therapeutic goals. I first want to understand a little about this man.

He was born Carl Gustav Jung on 26th July 1875 in Swiss. He was the sole Son of the church evangelical minister. In accordance to my own research Jung was a unusual gloomy child who performed his own imaginary online games, alone, for the initial nine years of his existence. Eight of Jungs Future uncles were inside the clergy while was his maternal grand daddy, who placed weekly conversations with his departed wife, whilst his second wife and Carls mom sat and listened to all this His peculiar family obviously had a great deal to do with Jungs troubled young life wonderful psychotic break down in his core life, and his obsession with trying to sound right of it all.

Carl was a alternatively solitary young who couldnt care very much for institution and especially could not take competition. He went to boarding institution in Basel, Switzerland, where he found him self the object of your lot of envious harassment. He began to use sickness as an excuse, developing an upsetting tendency to faint pressurized. Although his first job choice was archaeology, this individual went on to examine medicine in the University of Basel.

When, working under the famous specialist Krafft-Ebing, he settled on psychiatry as his career. It can be incredible from such a disturbed start such a fantastic mind may emerge. Jung was considered to always be one of the greatest thinkers ever to acquire theorised about life and just how people relate to it. This is an draw out from one of Carl Jungs publications known as New Paths in Psychology Anyone who wants to learn the human psyche will learn next to practically nothing from experimental psychology. He’d be better recommended to get away from science, store his scholars gown bid farewell to his research, and take off with the heart throughout the world.

There in the horrors of prisons, lunatic asylums and clinics, in lusterless suburban pubs, in brothels and gambling-hells, in hair salons and spas of the graceful, the Inventory Exchanges, socialist meetings, chapels, revivalist events and ecstatic sects. Through like and hate, through the connection with passion in each and every form in his own human body, he would obtain richer retailers of knowledge than text-books a foot thicker could provide him, and he can know how to doctor the unwell with a true knowledge of a persons soul. Articles Jung examined medicine from 1894 to 1900 and towards the end of his studies this individual specialised in psychiatric remedies. Ultimately, Jungs interests in psychology had been very much linked to his research of the humanities.

In 1907 Jung achieved Sigmund Freud in Vienna. Jung have been interested in Freuds ideas about the interpretation of dreams. Also, Freud required an interest in Jungs phrase association task that this individual used to understand the unconscious processes of patients. Stories declare after they met, Freud, cancelled all his appointment for the day and they talked for 13 hours directly, such was the impact in the meeting of such two great minds.

Following an argument in 1909 over the validity of psychoanalysis Jung and Freud went their separate ways. Page One Jungs ideas were deduced on a theory that individuals will exhibit numerous personality types within might conventionally be considered a single brain. He designed his notion of complexes and this individual came to believe that within virtually any personality, several complexes may exist and these things will manifest themselves in a quick and seemingly automatic manner. Carl Jung had a profound influence on modern mindset and many of his theories still impact the way we think about mindset and psychoanalysis.

Jung sensed the religious side of his life and character were essential and strongly suggested that the internal worlds was equally as essential to individuals since the external world. He saw him self, and all people, as having two sides with their personalities 1 analytical and one user-friendly (or a single light and one part dark) and he thought that the blending together and knowledge of these two sides was the just way we are able to truly figure out ourselves and just how we feel about the internal community and our external universe. (Extracted from Simply Psychology website) Jung considered that after a person dreams, the unconscious brain keys in to the deepest levels of unconscious and genetic memories shared by simply all humans, and presented in the form of archetypes original forms which human societies all seemed to recognise.

The type of items that Jung was mentioning were things like water to at least one / 5 symbolise birth and re-birth or photos like the earth other and also the all powerful dad. Because this seemed to be very common in European and classical books, Jung contended that they probably represented a really basic aspect of the human psyche, which was contacted in an people dreams. Different researchers include questioned these types of ideas.

To begin with, if the position of thinking is to play out unconscious wish-fulfilments, and engage in elaborate symbolism, that makes it difficult to explain why infants and animals use so much amount of time in dreaming sleep(we cannot find out for certain if animals dream, they all have physiological signs of it, including muscle twitching). (Taken from an Introduction to Psychology Nicky Hayes and File suit Orrell) Jung had a convenience of very articulate dreaming and occasional visions. In 1913 he had a vision of any monstrous avalanche engulfing the majority of Europe and lapping on the mountains of his local Switzerland. This individual saw thousands of people drowning and civilisation crumbling.

Then, the waters changed into blood. This vision was followed, in the next few weeks, by desires for eternal winters and waterways of blood vessels. He was afraid that he was becoming psychotic.

Jung thoroughly recorded his dreams, fantasies, and dreams, he drew and coated and created them too. Jung dreamed a great deal about the useless, the terrain of the deceased and the growing of the deceased. These showed the unconscious itself. Authorities have claimed that Jung was very simply ill when all this occurred.

But Jung felt that, if you want to understand the new world, you cannot be content just to sail forward and backward near the banks. You have got to get into it not matter how strange and scary it may seem. Jung believed that a person is simply an introvert or an extrovert. This individual believed that extroverts and introverts will see things in a very different way and this may cause confusion and misunderstanding. Two people looking at the same situation sees quite different issues.

Jung thought that expansion and introversion are both within each person. The first is conscious and dominant even though the additional is subconscious and second-rate. For example , in case the ego is predominantly extroverted, the personal subconscious will be introverted. There is also a lot of research to suggest that there maybe a connection towards individuality type and psychological disorders.

For example , introverts may be more inclined to confused types of schizophrenia and extroverts towards bi polar disorders. Page Two For Carl Jung there have been four functions that, the moment combined with one among his thinking, formed the eight diverse personality types. The 4 functions were Feeling is the way a person understands the significance of conscious activity.

Thinking Allows a person to understand the meanings of things. This technique relies on common sense and careful mental activity. Sensation This refers to the means by which a person knows anything exists. Intuition Is definitely knowing about something with no conscious understanding of where that knowledge originated from. It is imaginative and speculative.

The ten personality types identified by simply Carl Jung- Extroverted considering Jung theorised that individuals understanding the universe through a mix of concrete suggestions and abstract ones, however the abstract ideas are ones passed down from the other people. Vibrant thinkers are usually found working in the research savoir and mathematics. Will be organisers and planners. Introverted thinking These individuals interpret stimuli in the environment through a subjective and creative method.

The understanding are educated by interior knowledge and understanding. Philosophers and assumptive scientists are usually introverted thinking-oriented people. Vibrant Feeling these people judge the value of issues based on goal facts. Comfy in sociable situations, that they form their particular opinions based on socially recognized values and majority philosophy. They are often located working in organization and politics.

They look for personal achievement and are emotional. Introverted Feeling These folks make conclusions based on subjective ideas and on internally set up beliefs. They often ignore existing attitudes and defy interpersonal normalities. Introverted feeling persons thrive in careers while art critics. They seek out inter depth.

Extroverted Sensing These individuals perceive the world as it seriously exists. Their perceptions are generally not coloured by simply any pre-existing beliefs. Jobs that require target reviews, just like wine tasters and proof readers, best filled by simply extroverted realizing people.

They may be practical and pleasure searching for. Introverted Realizing They interpret the globe through the lens of the subjective attitudes and rarely find something for only what. They make perception of the environment by giving this meaning depending on internal reflection.

Introverted 2 / 4 sensing persons often turn to various disciplines, including symbol painting and classical music. They are often strong, obsessive and detached. Extroverted Intuitive These people prefer to understand the connotations of items through subconciously perceived goal facts that than inbound sensory details. They count on hunches and quite often disregard what they perceive straight from their detects. Inventors which come upon their particular invention with a stroke of insight and religious reforms are characterized by the extraverted intuitive types.

These people search for change and are adventurous. Page Three Introverted Intuitive these individuals, Jung thought, will be profoundly inspired by their internal motivations despite the fact that they do not completely understand these people. They find meaning through unconscious, subjective ideas about the world. Introverted intuitive people comprise a significant portion of mystics, surrealistic performers and faith based fanatics. They are aloof and mystical. (Taken from Understanding Psychology, Redding.

It seems that Jungs personality style provided a great informing framework which allowed us to spot features and characteristics in a persons persona. The original uses of Jungs theories would have been to understand and improve his own understanding of mental ailments and eventually other people understanding. This individual provided all of us with the initial framework and others have seeing that built after this. Numerous people discovered that Jung had a a lot with say to them.

They will included writers, artists, artists, film makers, theologians, clergy coming from all denominations, students of mythology, and naturally, and some specialists. Anyone thinking about creativity, mentally, psychic trends, the universal, and so on will find Jung a kindred heart. However , scientists, including the majority of psychologists, have a lot of trouble with Jung. Not only does he fully support the teleological perspective (as perform must individuality theorists) yet he goes a step even more and talks about the mystical interconnectedness of historical events. Besides he postulate an subconscious, where things are not easily obtainable to statement alone, but he evidence a communautaire unconscious that never has been and never will be conscious.

Jung takes the way which is essentially just streamline an idea. He begins with all the highest amounts even spiritualism and derives the lower levels of psychology and physiology from Like Freud, Carl Jung tries to take everything in this devices. He provides little room for opportunity, accident or circumstance. Character and existence in general seems over-explained in Jungs theory. But Jung has pointed out that adults search more for integration, and exceed beyond belief.

Adults will search for the links between things, how items fit together, that they interact, that they contribute to the entire. We want to seem sensible of it, get the meaning of it, the purpose of it all. Children disentangle the world adults try to knit it back jointly.

Jungs ideas of people may benefit a specialist in a therapy session. Nevertheless , a persons attitude and recognized personality type are not constantly constant you might change during time and in specific scenarios. The theories are a good foundation line for therapy sessions and to allow the client area for progress opportunities within their lives. Jungs theories individuals have said occasionally attracts clientele who have trouble dealing with actuality when their social community becomes challenging.

Some people retreat into imagination or some turn into couch potatoes. But , in that case others turn to complex philosophy that make-believe to explain almost everything. As a specialist, we will see adults inhibit all their feelings and deny the sensation of reality. We come across evidence of lenders unconscious brain reverting by unconscious to conscious when they are under the influence of alcohol or perhaps stress.

Bottom line I have looked at other theory types such as demonstrated by Hans Jurgen Eysenck and Claudius Galen. Eysencks ideas of personas were to evaluate personality using two weighing scales introversion and extraversion stability and lack of stability. Eysencks suggestions have been developed and reinforced using research and online surveys by many thousands of people.

He was probably the most prolific researchers and copy writers on the subject of individuality and its way of measuring. He continuing to strive for improved understanding well into the 1990s. Page Four In comparison, Claudius Galen was a Traditional physician whom put wonderful emphasis on medical observation reviewing a patient extremely thoroughly and observing their particular symptoms. Galen thought that disease was the response to an disproportion blood, mucus apathy, and liquid secreted from the liver organ.

Galen supported the use of opposites if a man appeared to have a fever, this individual treated this with a thing cold, if a man appeared to have a cold, and he would be treated with heat. People that were weak were 3 / some given hard physical exercises to produce their muscle tissues. People who got breathing problems as a result of a weak chest will be given vocal singing exercises.

Galen studied how the body performed, concentrating on the movement of blood and the nervous program. (Taken from the History Learning Site) I have found Jungs hypotheses fascinating I really do believe that people should comply with their own path and how very important it is to appreciate yourself. Hearing your subconscious mind may help recognise our strengths and weaknesses. I actually do agree the unconscious and conscious will be self handling. Personality hypotheses are very attractive achieving a larger self-awareness and helps others develop their full potential. Yet , no theory is completely exact or dependable but all of us do need these types of theories to go forward to appreciate ourselves and others.

It would seem that everyone has lots of theories concerning personality types. They all produce very interesting browsing. I think when you see a client it can be good to have all this expertise and very good to pick the best bits out of your theories.

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