Assumptive orientation paper essay

  1. (5 points) Why, inside your opinion, happen to be people how they are? Essentially, what is your look at of human nature?

Persona is more than poise, attraction, or physical overall look. It includes practices, attitudes, and the physical, emotional, social, religious and moral factors that a person possesses. Yet , to be even more precise, the explicit behavioral styles protected in the course, perhaps, best captivate an individual’s character and how he/she is comprehended. With the diverse behavioral styles, an overall pattern of various features is seen.

Like a “psychograph,  a person’s account is drawn together and at a glance, the consumer can be compared with other people regarding relative pros and cons (Corey 2005).

It is tempting to distinguish healthy adolescents from children with mental illness problems. However , there is normally a fine line between mental health and mental illness. It is important to understand that mental illnesses fluctuate in their intensity. For example , many teenagers suffered from numerous levels of stress or major depression.

Others have suffered from serious mental disorders with biological origins. Education about the adolescents` mental illness is essential for those with mental health issues as well as for the adolescents` friends and family (Corey 2005).

2 . (10 points) What is your assumptive orientation? What type counseling theory fits right for you, if you needed to choose merely one, (please work with BEHAVIOR THERAPY)? Provide details about what you like regarding the theory. Explain why this method fits good for you.

This model utilizes what is known as the learning theory posited by simply Skinner and Watson plus the rest of the Behaviorism school. That assumes that the principles in mastering i. at the., conditioning (Associative and Operant) are effective way to effect difference in an individual. Generally, the thrust of this theoretical perspective is targeted on the symptoms that a person is experiencing. Just as lots of the errors in the patterns of behavior result from learning from the environment, it is also assumed that an specific will be able to unlearn some in the event that not all these kinds of by using the techniques as applied based on the learning principles.

To a certain extent I believe this still performs: reinforcements are effective to some extent and some or many persons hence We am including this posture separate or perhaps distinct from your Cognitive-Behavioralstrategy. In behavior remedy therefore , thoughts, feelings and everything those “malfunctioning and unnecessary manifestations unveiled in their activities could be unlearned as well as the work of any behavior specialist. The basic concepts include “extinguishing ” utilized when maladaptive patterns will be then destabilized and taken off and in all their place practices that are healthy and balanced are established (developed and strengthened) within a series or progressive strategy called “successive approximations.

The moment these (factors) are sturdy such as through rewards in intrinsic and extrinsic means, the potential of an even more secure and steady difference in behavior is produced and strongly established (Corey 2005). Although few individuals today will regard themselves as tight behaviorists, behaviorism has been extremely influential in the development of psychology as a medical discipline. You will find different emphases within this self-discipline though. A lot of behaviorists say plainly that the observation of behavior is the very best or the majority of expedient technique of exploring psychological and intellectual processes.

Other folks consider that it can be in reality in order to of reviewing such processes, while nonetheless others believe behavior itself is the just appropriate subject of mindset, and that familiar psychological conditions such as opinion only make reference to behavior. Albert Bandura’s interpersonal cognitive way grew out of this movement. Bandura’s technique emphasizes intellectual processes over and above observable patterns, concentrating on not only the influence of the individual’s upbringing for example , but likewise “observation, bogus, and thought processes (Corey 2005).

  1. (10 points) What are several additional hypotheses that might as well inform your theoretical orientation? Explain.

Cognitive-Behavioral Remedypostulated mostly by Ellis and Beck “facilitates a collaborative romantic relationship between the individual and therapist.  With all the idea that the counselor and patient together cooperate to get a relying relationship and agree which usually problems or issues ought to come first for the duration of the therapy. To get the Cognitive Behaviorist Therapist, the immediate and presenting difficulty that the client is battling and complaining from usually takes precedence and must be dealt with and concentrated in the treatment.

There is instant relief from the symptoms, and may be encouraged or spurred on to go after in-depth treatment and decrease of the health conditions where feasible. The rest from the symptoms from the principal problem or issue will certainly inspire your customer to imagine or perhaps think that modify is not really impossible all things considered. In this style, issues will be dealt straight in a practical way.

In the cognitive approach only, the specialist understands that a customer or individual comes into the healing romantic relationship and the former’s role is to change or modify the latter’s maladjusted or error-filled thinking patterns. These habits may include wishful thinking, impractical expectations, constant reliving and living in days gone by or even further than the present and into the future, and overgeneralizing. These behaviors lead to dilemma, frustration and eventual regular disappointment. This kind of therapeutic procedure stresses or accentuates the rational or perhaps logical and positive worldview: a standpoint that usually takes into consideration that we are problem-solvers, have choices in life but not that we are left with no choice as many people think.

In addition, it looks into the fact that because we do have options then there are many things that await someone who have had bad choices before, and therefore will consider positively into the future. Just as the cognitivebehavioralunit also acknowledges the concept of perception as well, this is a matter of emphasis or perhaps focus. In behavioral/cognitive-behavioral treatments the focus is usually on the modification or power over behavior and insight usually becomes a tangential advantage.

Approaches include CBT through this kind of strategy while cognitive restructuring and the current frequently used REBT for Rational Emotive-Behavior Remedywhere reasonless beliefs happen to be eliminated by examining them in a rational way (Corey 2005). Whereas in insight therapies the focus or emphasis can be on the patient’s ability in understanding his/her concerns basing in the inner disputes, motives and fears.

  1. (5 points) What is the role with the therapist whenever you see it?


We aspire to become a therapist ” counselor in whose practice is usually characterized because empowering and collaborative. By simply empowering, I am aware the limitations of my position and as such I actually am limited at the same time to impart my own best expertise and work to enable my client/patient to know him/herself, and lead the treatment to the point where they is able to stand on his or her own devoid of my support anymore. Further, it means that I recognize the person or client as a individual who is not only sophisticated, he/she is likewise is imbued with the characteristics that inherently can treat, grow and mature.

They will contribute to the procedure, and their attitude towards the entire duration of the healing relationship is a important aspect towards the attainment of their goals. The therapist in that case must take out by all means any kind of barrier or obstruction for the achievement of goals particularly when these come potentially from the therapist him/herself (that’s me). By collaborative, again since there are set restrictions on my sizes, I understand the availability and expertise more in realms that I barely know and that working with all of them, collaborating with them, provides my consumer more options, and provides him/her the very best and complete interventions that there is in the field.

A therapy that may be beneficial appears beyond my set style and choices of prognosis and treatment; it is progressive and attempts to enhance your initial strategies that had been established and continually grows oneself simply by learning and researching. Most of all, by effort, my customer is the most significant “collaborator and that notion really should not be missed all throughout (Corey 2005).

The effectiveness of remedy in counselling is dependent considerably on two factors; namely, the person’s cooperation, and the expertise in the therapist. Many experts in neuro-scientific Psychology have observed the numerous contribution with the client towards the over-all procedure. The person’s perception from the therapist is extremely crucial to the ensuing treatment. Without the needed preliminary positive understanding of the specialist on the part of the one seeking treatment, the whole method will not generate a desired momentum that could set the entire scheme within a strategic posture. Of course , the expertise of the therapist is another major factor ” actually, the other half ” but 2 weeks . given to the whole package of treatment (Corey 2005).

  1. (5 points) What are the therapeutic desired goals that you believe are important? Precisely what are some of the central techniques that you might use?

The goal of the therapy is not just pain relief to the patient or customer. Although an instant relief is incredibly helpful, this might not always always be the case for most illnesses. The goal as mentioned in the earlier pages is always to provide long-term reduction from the symptoms as well as the occurrence in the disease entirely if possible. The management after that is not really impossible nevertheless neither is this easy.

Particularly, the counselee or affected person must want to heal or perhaps believe that there is going to always be curative results in the process. It presupposes that he/she must learn to trust the specialist in his or her capabilities as well in leading or assisting the changes or perhaps modifications. It is very much necessary that (in the perspective of your cognitive-behaviorist) that the client is aware of ownership towards the deeds and choices in thought habits he/she built are crucial towards the recurring or occurring condition that s/he experiences (Corey 2005).

Moreover, the identification of specific treatments or concours according to the diagnosed issue will probably be accommodated and implemented depending on the chosen treatment methods fit with the therapeutic way utilized. It may be a single modality based on a single approach (e. g., learning principles and desensitization for the patient with specific phobias) or this maybe a mix of many methods (CBT, Rogerian, Phenomenological, or Family systems) (Corey 2005).


Corey, G. (2005). Theory and practice of therapies and psychotherapy (7th edition).

Pacific cycles Grove, CALIFORNIA: Brooks/Cole


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