The Role of Technical Teacher Education Essay

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Countries of the world are classified while developed or under created based on the degree of education of its citizenry and their capacity to use expertise, skill and attitude to translate medical ideas in attending to the problems of the human race.

Technical education is the right type of education that may be capable to train individuals to translate ideas in to products that will assist mankind to do things easily. The educating of technological subjects is conducted by the technical tutor. This conventional paper is of the view outside the window that the technical teacher who will be properly skilled and is doing work under suitable environment can train more youthful generation that is to be free of poverty, achieve common basic education, empower women, reduce child mortality, overcome HIV/AIDS and develop global partnership, therefore achieving the MDGs target.

The paper manufactured recommendations among which is pertaining to the MDGs to adopt the underside to leading mode of funding and the need for the MDGs to integrate supply of money particularly for acquiring training tools, equipment and infrastructure for technical tutor training. Introduction Education is seen as an agent of development in any society worldwide, that is why communities that are well-informed are considered developed communities and less well-informed as underdeveloped societies. This really is so since the developed societies use education to develop points that will resolve prevailing complications of mankind in the form of goods of technology.

These products will be developed by citizens of these countries using abilities, knowledge and attitudes acquired through trained in sciences and technical centered subjects. It really is in recognition of these specifics that the National Republic of Nigeria (FRN) (2004) pressured that, technology and technology shall remain taught within an integrated method in the colleges to promote in the students the appreciation of practical application of ideas. This sort of education if perhaps acquired provides students with sellable expertise that can be used to build job chances and alternatively reduce lower income.

It should nevertheless be noted that, training cannot happen unless you will discover teachers that are properly competed in technical tutor training institutions to effects the required skills, knowledge and attitudes in the students. For this reason Olaitan (1986) sees the teacher since an agent of changing people perceptions, beliefs and values making use of the right technique. Similarly Adeoye (2008) observed that the educator is the king-pin of quality in education and development of the world.

In the same light Garba (2002) posits that the success of technological development of any nation begins with the quality of technological teachers because no education system can easily rise above the caliber of its educators (FRN, 2004). The centuries development goals (MDGs) is known as a global strategy aimed at minimizing poverty, being hungry, insecurity, gender inequality, attain universal standard education, reduce child mortality, improve mother’s health, combat HIV/AIDS, wechselfieber, ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership intended for development. This paper features the view that the accomplishment of the MDGs can best be directed at if the right quality and quantity of technical teachers will be produced.

The paper as a result discusses specialized teachers prep and development in Nigeria, the MDGs and the objective relating to education, the function of technical teacher education in realization of MDGs target, Elements affecting specialized teacher education in knowing the desired goals of the MDGs and recommendation were offered. Technical Teacher Preparation and Production System in Nigeria.

There is always the requirement to create a comprehending of the problems, which come up in a particular profession and improve on the level of competencies to relieve symptoms of such trouble (Adetunji and Victor (1997) that is why the National Plan on Education (2004), indicates that, tutor education shall continue to be presented major emphasis in all educational planning and development, that further explained that educator education will probably be structured to take cognizance of changes in strategy and the curriculum, by ensuring that teachers are fully exposed to innovation within their profession. This is certainly most required by the technological teacher because of the dynamic character of the world of technology and its particular effect on the teaching of technical subjects.

Ali (1992) stressed that with the ad of the 21st century technologies, the requisition of sound academics knowledge and professional abilities are primary in the training of teachers, especially in the use of modern strategies and systems for instructing their area of interest. Foel and Fritz (1998) noted that teacher education is experiencing new formats that incorporate conventional (Traditional education delivery system) with evolving technology in order to transfer knowledge to students. This is why Goro (2000) call for a change at the training of teachers, especially the technical teachers because the present educational system’s particular concern is that teachers must be oriented toward development of useful skills in the trainees.

The technical tutor is this individual who is a master with the trade, in the same manner is able to convey . the correct and up-to-date expertise (Olaitan 1986), in a comparable view Dambe and Garba (2007) viewed the specialized teacher as being a teacher whom posses functional and theoretical knowledge of his vocation, provides clear comprehension of the student this individual teachers, and ensures that this individual increases in the knowledge of his field at all time. The courses process of a technical instructor therefore calls for a balance of theoretical and practical understanding.

In a put money to train teachers that will have the required relief of knowing that Ali (1992) looked at schooling the technical teacher, utilizing the concurrent trigger approach, in which professional control skills and academic articles are pursued in parallel. This mode of training is the most popular strategy used for technical teacher schooling. However , another school of thought was that the specialized teacher will need to first end up being practically qualified in that material before trying to achieve pedagogical skill acquisition.

Goro (2000) stocks the same perspective as he implies a support for post graduate student training in education after a specialist training in control. Whatever the strategy, the emphasis should be about striking a balanced knowledge that will certainly enable the teacher provide the required abilities in an suitable manner. This is certainly necessary for the reason that success or failure of technological development of a world begins with the quality of manpower (teachers) responsible for training the technology teachers. Olaitan (1996) looked at the technical teacher learning Nigeria to incorporate the formal and relaxed training.

The informal is carried out at the residence or family level, plus the apprenticeship level, the participants of which will become serving since masters to coach others. However , the formal training of teachers is three phases, the Nigeria certificate in education (NCE) which prepares teachers for teaching in junior extra schools. There is the graduate student and postgraduate technical teacher education plan.

In the same view Abdullahi and Sa’i (1998) remarked that technical tutor training can be provided in three phases namely the postgraduate, the bachelor and the Nigerian Qualification in Education (Technical) amounts. There are however two modes of preparing technological teachers in the NCE level for instructing in the jr . secondary schools’ the two methods are in agreement with two vocational administrative theories of dual and sole controls (Olaitan 1996).

Accordingly, the single control is a condition whereby technical teacher education is housed in company that are supplying purely technical teacher education courses elizabeth. g. Colleges of Education (Technical), while the dual control is usually when specialized education Porgramme are work in the same institution with other courses just like arts, sociable studies, record, pure research as acquires in conventional colleges of education. Students of Technical Education Programmes on the NCE level are expected to consider courses by general place in Technical/Vocational Education, standard Education, Education and Entrepreneurship Education, and they are later likely to specialize in one area before college graduation.

Students are further anticipated to spend 14 (12) weeks of industrial accessory (NCCE 2002) after graduation; the products are required to teach introductory technology at the junior second school level. As of now there are twenty five (25) Colleges of Education providing NEC (Technical) courses in Nigeria. (NCCE, 2007). At the graduate and post graduate student levels, the courses of business technical educators take place in the Universities. While at right now the five Universities of technology namely, Federal Universities of Technology, Akure, Bauchi, Minna, Owerri and Yola are running level and postgraduate programmes in Technology Education and other Professional areas.

Other Unversities just like Ahmadu Noble Unversities Zaria, Benin, Calabar, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Uyo, and Ibadan run degree and postgraduate programmes in vocational technical education. It should be noted on the other hand that, some colleges of education are currently running programmes leading to being a bachelors degree in Technical and vocational Education as internet marketer colleges of Universities (NCCE 2002). The millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The perspective of designers of the MDGs was within the general matter to do away with concerns affecting the citizens with their nations.

This is why they directed at creating tactics towards lowering of low income, hunger, diseases, increase use of education, wellness, housing and sustainable management of the conditions resource. Inside the development of the MDGs and strategies for reaching the goals, 189 countries of the world met in New York in September 2150, and signed the millennium declaration containing come to be internationally known as the centuries Development Goals (MDGs). The main goal from the leaders of the nations in developing the MDGs is to address the issues facing many other men, women and children including abject lower income and dehumanizing conditions that more than a billion people around the world are afflicted by. (Umar, Suleiman & Adamu, 2009).

Consequently Dung-Gwon (2009), noted that the MDGs possess 8 goals, each features one or more objectives and several symptoms. He even more report that, in 2002, there were 18 targets and 48 indicators. In 2007, 4 more targets had been added.

To this effect, countries of the world also have added their own targets and indicators in order to meet their desire. This is thus because the levels of development of various nations won’t be the same, so likewise prioties change among international locations. The MDGs is consequently , a general green print for development of countries of the world. Dung-Gwom (2009) says that the standard MDGs desired goals statement throughout the nations are as follows: 1 . Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger 2 . Achieving common primary education 3. Promote gender equal rights and women empowerment 4. Lowering child mortality 5. Improve maternal overall health 6. Fight HIV/AIDS several.

Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership The overall goals in the MDGs have got within it three which have been education related. Iyortyer (2010) noted that, the three desired goals that primarily impacts around the education sector are: Obtaining Universal Standard Education (Goal 2) Advertising of gender parity or perhaps equality (Goal 3) Combat HIV/AIDS, wechselfieber and other diseases (Goal 6) Three desired goals out of eight centering on education certainly indicates a priority to education is known as a step for the attainment of other targets, as stated by simply Iyortyer (2010) that education is a musical instrument for progress any land, an ideal to lower income and the key for unlocking natural methods.

In spite of these types of and the digno goals and strategies to achieving the MDGs in Nigeria, records continue to reveals very much is wanted. In line with this kind of Ibrahim (2006) states that, Nigeria Millennium Development Goals Report pertaining to 2004 and 2005 implies that Nigeria is definitely far off the mark in terms of implementation of countless goals from the MDGs. Similarly Igbugo in Umar, Suleiman and Adamu (2009) asserted that, there is also a serious hesitation if Nigeria can achieve the MDGs by the target 2015.

So likewise Igbuzor (2007) reported that even though Nigeria is a signatory to the MDGs, it is yet far from achieving the MDGs, furthermore he taken care of that it is lack of political will certainly that is the very best stumbling block towards the achievement in the MDGs, in Nigeria. Depending on the MDGs report and private observations from the indices it really is clear very much is preferred. This daily news is of the opinion that provision of training that provide the individual with saleable abilities will considerably lead Nigeria to the achievement of the MDGs.

Role of Technical Teacher Education in Realization with the MDGs Technological teacher education programme is a programme that train teachers of theoretically based investments who are required to teach in junior second schools and technical universities. The product of which are the region futures designers and inventors. The function of technical teacher in the achievement of MDGs will be discussed based on the eight MDGs as follows: 1 . Eradication of extreme low income and food cravings. Even though survey of MDGs 2005 reveals slide drop in lower income from sixty-five.

5% in 1996 to 54. 4% in 2004. Much is continue to desired as the fifty four. 4% is still high and really should attract concern bearing in mind that Nigeria can be described as rich region with poor citizenry. With a technical teacher programme that is able to produce highly trained technical teachers.

The instructor should be able to teach future era of pupils that will possess the required skill in various trading. The skill acquired will create jobs that will make the individual either self job or be employed by any kind of employer of labour. Federal government Republic of Nigeria (2004) indicates that, technical education is a method of preparing for work-related field and a means of alleviating low income.

2 . Achieve Universal Primary Education The MDGs statement 2005, demonstrates that there is wonderful improvement in literacy level, however , Iyortyer (2010) revealed that the target in the MDGs signals maintain that adult literacy rate to get 15-24 years will improve to get to 89% in 2015. While gender collateral and equitable access to basic and training for mature will be attacked towards getting together with up the goal. To achieve this focus on, there is the dependence on teacher that is responsible for instructing of craft, poetry as well as the Basic technology. The teacher that is trained for such is the specialized teacher. three or more.

Promote Gender Equality and Empowerment One of the targets in the MDGs is usually to ensure that male or female disparity can be eliminated, and equal access to education is usually same pertaining to both girls and boys. However Dung- Gwom (2009) indicates that the percentage of boys is definitely 82% in 1990 and 79% in 2004. This shows that kids still take into account greater percentage of major school pupils.

Much is continue to desired, in fact it is one of the responsibilities of the educator to sensitize parents as they live in the society together with the parents and the pupils. four. Reduce Kid Mortality With increased educated mothers who have acquired skills to get employment, mortality rate of the child will be highly reduced, as most of the causes of kid mortality will be poverty related. Similarly having a generation of young abilities equipped with technical skill, the skill can easily further provide in the provision and repair of medical equipment that will be employed in reduction of child mortality. five. Improve Maternal Health The MDGs report 2004 implies that maternal fatality was 74 per multitude of.

This rate is excessive and can only be reduced in the event that mothers include skill to earn a living. The relevant skills of the technological teacher could be directed to the mothers to get empowerment. six. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and also other Diseases In Nigeria the incidence of HIV/AIDS continues to be on upward trend because the diseases was discovered in the region 1 . 8% 1999, to five. 8% in 2000 (Nigeria, MDG Record 2005).

Several the attacked persons happen to be equally, living under lower income, with no job and so they cannot afford the nourishing requirements set up drugs have time. The situation might have not been the same if perhaps they have discovered technical abilities to provide companies for pay. 7. Make sure Environment Durability To sustain the environment, you will find the need to have the ability, skills and attitude of doing such. Umar, Suleiman and Adamu (2009) reports that about 70 percent of the city dwellers in Nigeria live below low income bench draw and their state is not bound to increase much among now and 2015.

This could be better if a good number of Nigerians are equipped with abilities in technological trades including Building protection, Design and plumbing, Motor vehicle maintenance and many others 8. Develop a Global Relationship for Expansion The world is now a global town, this is much so because of the advent of technological merchandise especially in the area of information and communication technology (ICT). With ICT data is obtained and applied. However to do that one require the basic training to understand the technology plus the kwon how of putting it on.

Challenges of Technical Educator Education in Realizing the MDGs. Technical teacher education can start a lot inside the realization from the MDGs, nevertheless the followings possess stood being a barrier. 1 . Lack of sufficient funding Specialized teacher education being a specialized oriented system requires tools equipment and infrastructure devoid of which technical education may not be said to be offered.

It is however very clear that general funding to education in Nigeria is definitely far from the expected. Onyidoh (2006) known that, the bucks allocated to education falls in short supply of the UNESCO’s recommended 25% of twelve-monthly budget; this individual further observed that the share from the year 2003 to date is definitely barely in the range of 1 ) 83-5% share to education. This might certainly not be adequate to look after the funding of establishments that are characterized by, leaking roofing, unpaved floors, unsanitized conditions and standard picture of neglect.

This situation cannot assurance training of technical teachers with the necessary skills for the training of younger technology in our jr . secondary universities that are expected to pave way for the scientific advancement of Nigeria installment payments on your Administrator’s attitude. Even with the reduced level of money in the budget, other agencies such as the Education trust fund (ETF) do intervene. It is however regrettable that many of institutions better learning are not able to accesses the fund due to stringent conditions for getting at the ETF money which usually does not provide much room for diversion of the fund.

And for the truth that most of the administrator aren’t there because they have affinity for the system,. they prefer to lose the ETF than comply with due procedure to access it. Speaking on the administrator’s frame of mind Onyidoh (2010) noted that administrators have got little involvement in institution they are really heading, because vice chancellors, provost and rectors appointed in Nigeria today happen to be politicians inside the academic robes. 3. MDGs approach to funding Due to corruption and noncommitment of leadership of institutions they have found the MDGs money easy to grab than the ETF, as the MDGs cash do emerged directly to all of them in the name of and so call table officers whom in most cases are the good son and women of the leaders of the establishment.

That is why in many cases projects currently financed through other means are labeled MDGs job and after inspection, tags can be replaced, this is the game as always. 4. A shortage of infrastructure Technical teacher education require system such as workshops, classrooms plus the needed equipment. This infrastructure is lack of or not enough in most of the institutions which can be responsible for schooling the specialized teachers.

The specific situation will make the teacher struggling to provide the proper training towards the junior second school students who are expected to be the future engineers, specialist etc which will move Nigeria forward. 5. New Technologies The training being given in younger secondary colleges by technological teachers should be to introduce these to the world of technology and came about interest of the students in choice of vocation and to lead students to obtain intelligent comprehension of the increasing complexity of technology (FRN, 2004). The continuous technology of new scientific products that a lot of of the institutions teachers do not know the operation principles of the new technology.

For the training to be relevant, it must carry a direct marriage with that in the industries, companies or organization required to permit students squeeze into their careers after graduation (Aguisiobe, in Garba and Nuhu, 2007). The existing situation in institution is not even close to the state of artwork as some from the machines were in existence since the 1970s or perhaps 1980. They can not provide any kind of training about new systems of whatsoever level. 6. In-sincerity of Nigerian commanders.

Most plan statements in Nigeria sound good, but when considering implementation the challenge arises. This is certainly so mainly because as policies are implemented those in authorities will begin to skim so that to individually get out of this. Take for instance the issues of universal basic education programme, it has a policy that pupil will be provided foods during university hours which primary school-teachers salaries will be 5 times through 2015. In the beginning skeletal nourishing was provided but as it truly is, the whole cash targeted for the purpose are in individuals pocket or used for purchase of expensive automobiles.

Secondly there is no record in addition to the 27% increase which several states are actually yet to pay that teacher include ever skilled. But yet these types of governors and the agent happen to be part of the contract and acquire much for such. Recommendations In order to addresses the issues the following advice are provided. 1 . There is the need for the MDGs to combine provision of fund especially for the dotacion of training equipment, equipment and infrastructure. 2 . The frame of mind of the managers needs to be checked by the participation of host communities and various transact unions in the execution of all MDGs projects through close monitoring and evaluation. several.

MDGs approach to funding should adopt the underside to top rated approach, in the same way is done by the ETF. This will reduce the rate of corruption. 5. There is the need to re-train the technical teachers on surface, in the area of new technologies, and the integration of the new systems, such as mobile phone repairs, computer circuit design etc inside the curriculum of technical instructor training organizations by therefore doing the curriculum will probably be functional and relevant. your five. Leaders should be honest in handling problems to do with the MDGs target, for the programme to achieve success.

Conclusion. The paper was of the focus that, to realise the MDGs in Nigeria, there is the needs to have a kind of education that may enable the learner get skills, attitude and relief of knowing that will result in job creation. And that kind of education can be provided by the properly educated technical teacher.

However issues abound to get the technological teacher training and the educating of Fundamental technology with the junior supplementary schools. REFERRALS Adullahi, Meters. L. & Sa’I, L. R (1998).

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