The notion analysis of pain essay

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Pain is the most frequent medical diagnosis as well as the most common problem for which sufferers in the clinical setting seek out help (Mobily, Herr, & Kelley, 1993). Pain refers to an unpleasant, distressful and unpleasant feeling. Several studies have showed that unrelieved discomfort can affect the quality of life individuals, cause physical and emotional distress, impact family, as well as increase the costs for medical care, the individual, and society (Ferrell, 1995). Therefore, pain is a critical problem in the health care system.

Seeks or Purpose of Analysis

The purpose of this conventional paper is to broaden the knowledge of the concept of discomfort. It is my intention to define the attributes of pain and discover antecedents that influence the perception of pain and the possible consequences of discomfort by using a strategy analysis. New studies remember that pain is probably not controlled entirely even with state-of “the-art technology and pharmacologic therapies (Kotzer, 2000; Kotzer, Coy, & LeClaire, 1998; Kotzer & Foster, 2000). Beyer (2000) concluded that 715 of the kids she evaluated who have sickle cell anemia had modest to extreme pain.

It seems all the efforts of researchers nonetheless cannot properly relieve children’s pain. Kids continue to suffer. Health care providers’ lack the information of pain management continues to be documented among the major reasons for this gap (Hester & Foster, 1993).

Another reason might be due to commonly define the concept of pain. Mahon (1994) and Montes-Sandoval (1999) used Walker and Avant’s method of strategy analysis and defined crucial attributes intended for pain. The two of these concepts studies of pain are currently the only found in the CINAHL data research. The similarities of both examines are that pain is a personal experience, an unpleasant, distressful, unwanted, unpleasant experience. Concept analysis is one way to make clear the definition of pain. Therefore , the purpose of this kind of paper is usually to expand the understanding of the concept of pain. The aim of this evaluation is to make clear the identifying attributes of soreness and determine antecedents that influence the perception of pain as well as the possible outcomes of soreness. Walker & Avant’s (2010) concept research serves as a suggestion to immediate this conventional paper.

Literature Assessment

A review of the literature uncovered what pain is, general health care definitions are used to check out basic information regarding pain. To define discomfort, it is described as (a) the sensation which one feels when they harm (b) suffering, distress, the other of pleasure; (c) body enduring, mental suffering, trouble, suffering, sorrow; (d) trouble because taken pertaining to the achievement of some thing difficult. Originally, pain was defined as struggling, loss caused for a criminal offenses or offence, punishment, fees, or excellent. Pain is rarely relevant to punishment or perhaps crime. Principles of enduring, and soreness are closely related to soreness. However , these kinds of concepts aren’t the concept of discomfort. Pain is usually subjective. Every person learns the meaning of pain based on early on life activities. Pain can act as a warning sign related to tissue shock or a medical diagnosis and treatment aid. In nursing, soreness can be defined as when an individual encounters and reports the presence of extreme discomfort or an uncomfortable sensation.

Possible Utilization of Concept

Pain experience included not only soreness sensation and automatic response but as well certain connected feeling says. Zborowski (1969) believed sociable and ethnical patterns with the patient have a significant affect on pain experience. This individual used discomfort expectancy and pain approval to express the individual’s frame of mind in moving forward. How people respond to soreness also rely upon specific cultural situations and the culture.

The definition of soreness based on McCaffery (1977) as well as the International Affiliation for the Study of Pain (IASP) (1986) is utilized most frequently. McCaffery (1977) defined pain because “whatever the experiencing person says it truly is. According to Ross & Ross (1988), pain serves as both great andnegative features. Pain can easily act as indicators for muscle trauma or perhaps treatment help. The sensation of pain will depend on more about physical stimulus; however the perception of soreness seems to stress a more psycho-socio-cultural aspect. Battling & Soreness related to Pain

Loeser and Egan (1989) defined enduring as “the negative efficient response to discomfort or to various other emotionally packed events, such as fear, anxiety, isolation or depression. As a result, pain may possibly induce struggling: however , only some pain is going to induce enduring. Cassell (1992) believed that suffering is usually “the express of problems induced by threat with the loss of intactness or disintegration of a person from what cause.  Suffering iis a remarkable experience with each person. Distress is another principle related to pain. However , not any nursing materials directly defines what pain is, even though the term is utilized. Mild soreness could be known as discomfort. How pain associated with discomfort is a contrary standpoint.

Some advantages of pain, battling, and discomfort overlap; the most obvious overlapping characteristic is the signs. These ideas involve negative and positive responses to events. The degree of discomfort is viewed as pain, but an individual can view pain and distinguish the differences involving the two.

Determining Attributes

Determining attributes happen to be consistently taking place characteristics of the concept that help separate it via others (Walker & Face à, 2005). Determining attributes is always to list the characteristics that are associated with a concept. Any kind of concept evaluation will incorporate more than one understanding attribute; yet , one need to determine which usually attributes work for the purpose of hunt for the concept (Walker & Avant, 2010). Based upon this principle, the crucial attributes of the idea of pain consist of: (a) annoying and stressing experiences originating from physical experience and having both positive and adverse meanings for an individual; (b) an individual human being experience; (c) a state of feeling in both sensation and feelings (verbal), and behavioral components; (d) physical and emotional responses for the stimulus; (e) function of pain, including protective warning signs; (f) soreness responses happen to be learned and influenced bypersonality, environment, thoughts, social and culture.

Unit Cases

A model case ought to include all advantages of the concept and really should be a paradigmatic example. Additionally, it illustrates the attributes of the idea (Walker & Avant, 2010). The following case in point presents a model case for the idea of pain.

Mister. T is a 42-year outdated single Chinese language male who had been diagnose with colon cancer several years ago. Just lately, his tumour was identified to be bigger and his doctor advised him to have medical procedures, which will require him to have a colostomy. When he was hospitalized pertaining to the surgical treatment to remove the tumor, Allison was the nursing jobs student designated to take care of him. When Allison went to Mister. T’s bedside, she identified Mr. Capital t. lying in the right affiliate with his legs bent. Having been holding his arms near his breasts. His eyebrows were furrowed, and he looked worn out. He shut down his eyes when Allison talked to him, unfortunately he very supportive. Mr. T’s blood pressure and heat level were a little bit elevated. Mr. T told Allison that he was in pain and pointed for the lower still left abdominal location. So Allison gave him the approved pain medicines.

Two hours later, Allison asked Mr. T how he experienced and Mr. T reacted, “I feel a lot better.  Mister. T paused for a few mere seconds and stated ” I had fashioned abdominal discomfort and weakling stool once i was having bowel movements a few years in the past. I was worried that I could have cancer, and so i went to a healthcare facility and was checked. I used to be diagnosed with intestines cancer (he pauses for some seconds). My children had negative genes. My father died of lung tumor and my mate died of leukemia. I am the only one left during my family. I had been diagnosed with cancers as well.  He shook his mind and continuing, ” That i knew what happens to me sooner or later, and I recognized this reality. It is better that I am certainly not married; normally, I would be a burden to my wife and my kids.  Research

This case illustrates all attributes of pain. Mister. T. complained of having belly pain and showed the protective situation and facial expression of pain. Hence he revealed his pain as upsetting and stressing experience through both spoken and behavioral responses. Mister. T had warning signs ahead of his prognosis. He presumed it was his responsibility to care for hisfamily, so he was relieved to not be a burden. Mr. To had acknowledged his illness and discomfort. Alternative Circumstances

Borderline Case

Mr. G is a 64-year-old male who was a minister. He was identified as having renal malignancy. His doctor recently discovered it had metastasized to his left femoral bone. When Allison watched over him, the lady found that Mr. M always closed his sight and lay down on his right side with thighs bent. He usually organised a get across and interceded. When his family was present that they always interceded together. Allison would see how Mr. M was doing, and he’d always state fine. Allison asked if he was in just about any pain and he explained, ” The almighty was crucified on the cross and perished for the mankind. He suffered for all humans wonderful love much more that anything else in the world. I only have physical discomfort. This kind of discomfort are unable to compare to just how God suffered for us. Therefore i would like to experience how Goodness suffered for people and appreciate how God loves people.  Mr. D never answered Allison’s query about if he was in pain or perhaps not. One week later, Mr. D perished. Analysis

This kind of example does not represent every one of the critical advantages of pain, but it does relate with pain. Mr. D under no circumstances expressed his pain verbally, but his behavioral tips of soreness were known. He did present the psychological soreness with prevention learning habit. Allison seen that when his family was with him, they interceded together. This process represents how a family interpersonal patterns influenced the person’s pain replies. Contrary Circumstance

A in contrast case is a example, which usually presents “not the concept; People can simply recognize this concept as certainly not the main idea (Walker & Avant, 2010).

Sally can be described as 4-year-old young lady whose mom brought her to the center for immunizations last month. Her mother brought her again for a routine well check. When Sally arrived, she’d hold with her mother, close her sight, and not let her mother put her down. If the nurses could talk to her she would weep and state, “I don’t want to go for the clinic, I wish to go home.  The nursing staff explained the actual were undertaking today, although Sally continuing to weep and cling to her mother, saying “Let’s Go Home! 


The defining attributes of pain happen to be absent using this example. This presents the idea of fear. Fear is a reaction to a specific risk or function, which is well-known. Once the menace is removed, the feeling of fear is usually forgotten quickly. (Yocom, 1984).

Antecedents & Consequences

Antecedents are the incidents or occurrences that happen before the existing concept (Walker & Face à, 2010). Environmental, personal and cultural values act as antecedents related to the concept of pain. These kinds of three antecedents are related.

Environment relates to the event that triggers pain. The individual’s body, mind or perhaps both may be affected by soreness. The individual’s knowledge and attitude associated with the event also play a crucial role (Nelson, 1993).

Consequences are the situations or incidents that happen as outcomes of the idea (Walker & Avant, 2010). The consequences of pain are related to pain reaction as well as the individual’s very own interpretation with the meaning of pain. Discomfort reaction includes a more physical and biological focus; handling pain refers to the prescription of pain and is psychologically focused.

Soreness reaction can be considered pain tendencies. Pain behavior is categorized in to involuntary and voluntary answers. Involuntary response wouldn’t require direct conscious control of the person. Voluntary answers require consciousness and motor activity. Scientific Referents

The final step of Walker and Avant’s method of concept analysis is usually empirical sources. Empirical references present how a concept shall be measured or what the statement of a phenomenon should actually be. It’s the event that demonstrates the presence of the concept. Identifying is the last step in strategy analysis. Through the analysis of pain, the critical attributes may be subjective; empirical referrals present just how these attributes exist in reality. Thus, research of the concept can be used forinstrument development. Bottom line

In summary, the concept of pain was selected to get concept examination because discomfort has been named a serious difficulty by the two patient and health care providers. Breastfeeding studies and literature as well present evidence of the consequences of unrelieved soreness. I have discovered during this evaluation that, researching providing pain alleviation seems to be an ongoing process. It can be beneficial to healthcare professionals and other physicians to gain an improved understanding of the idea of pain and in implementing appropriate care and interventions to relieve a patients’ pain. I also learned that not every person’s pain patience or level is the same.

Many sufferers have different principles of soreness and procedures to relieve their very own pain. Its not all patient wants to be medicated. Some sufferers are strong in the hope and idea of channeling the pain and can tolerate pain a lot better than a child or perhaps younger mature. Young or old, the age will not matter, it truly is up to all of us as medical professionals and nurses to relieve their pain and cause them to become as comfy as possible. Within this review of materials I have attained a better comprehension of the concept of pain and the impact of the understanding of soreness.


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  • Cassell, E. L. (1992). The size of suffering: physical, psychological, sociological, and spiritual aspects. In P. M. Starck & J. S. McGovern (Eds).
  • The concealed dimension of illness: Human suffering. Ny: National League for Medical Press. Ferrell, B. Ur. (1995).
  • The impact of soreness on quality lifestyle. Nursing Clinics of United states, 30(4), 609-624. Hester, D. O., & Foster, R. L. (1993).
  • Integrating the chidhood postoperative soreness management into clinical practice. Journal of Pharmaceutical Treatment in Soreness & Indicator Control, 1(4), 5-34. Kotzer, A. Meters., Coy, J., & LeClaire, A. Deb. (1998).
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  • Concept of Analysis of Discomfort: implications linked to nursing analysis. Nursing Analysis, 5(1), 14-24. McCaffery, M. (1977).
  • Pain alleviation for a kid. Pediatric Medical, 3, 11-16. Walker, M. O. & Avant, T. C. (2010). Strategies for theory construction in nursing (5th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ-NEW JERSEY: Prentice Hall


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