Hospitality and Tourism Management Essay

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The K-12 program includes kindergarten and 12 years of basic education ( six years of major education, several years of jr high school to supply sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong students, and make graduates to get tertiary education, middle-level expertise development, job, and entrepreneurship. the enhanced fundamental education act of 2013, or republic act no . 105333, was signed on may 15, 2013.

K-12 is a helpful application that can strengthen early the child years education, make the curriculum relevant to learners, ensuring integrated and seamless learning, building skills through terminology, gearing up to get future and a lot of all nurturing the holistically develop Philippine. Every graduate student will be pre-loaded with information, press and technology skills, learning and innovation skills, powerful communication expertise and existence career skills. Program rendering in public educational institutions is being done in phases beginning SY 2012-2013.

Grade one particular entrants in SY2012-2013 happen to be first set to fully undertake the program, and current initial year Jr High School Students (or Grade 7) are the initial to undergo the enhanced secondary education program. To facilitate the transition in the existing 10-year basic education to more than a decade, DepEd is usually implementing the SHS AND SHS building.. Each pupil in Senior High School can choose between three songs: Academic; Technical-Vocational-Livelihood; and Sports activities and Disciplines.

The Academic observe includes three strands: Organization, Accountancy, Management (BAM); Humanities, Education, Cultural Sciences (HESS); and Technology, Technology, Architectural, Mathematics (STEM). Students undertake immersion, which may include earn-while-you-learn opportunities, to supply them relevant exposure and actual encounter in their selected track. The improved curriculum for grade 1 and class 7 ( 1st Yr Junior Secondary school ) was turned out SY 2012-2013, and will be gradually introduced consist of grade amounts in making it school years. Grade 10 will be presented in SY 2016-2017 AND GRADE doze IN SY 2017-2018.

The first set of high college students to go through K to 12 is going to graduate in march 2018. DepEd has entered into a with firms, local and foreign rooms of business, and industrial sectors to ensure that teachers of K to doze will be regarded for job. There will be an identical of expertise requirements and standards to ensure that 12-year basic education teachers will have the essential skills necessary to join the workforce also to match the College Readiness Criteria for further education and future employment. Entrepreneurship will also be fostered in the increased curriculum; guaranteeing graduates can venture in to other possibilities beyond career. After finishing Grade 10, a student can obtain Certificates of Competency (COC) or a National Certificate Level I (NC I).

After finishing a Technical-Vocational-Livelihood monitor in Level 12, a student may get a National License Level 2 (NC II), provided he passes the competency-based examination of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). NC We and NC II improves employability of graduates in fields like Agriculture, Electronics, and Control. Target Market few years old who have supposed to graduate student grade 6th this year but will be brought to k-12 plan.

Grade 5 and 6th students Youngsters that belongs in the poor families with potential to end up being out of the institution youth after their senior high school years. Schools Professors lecturer SY 2011-12 SY 2012-13 SY 2013-14 SY 2014-15 SY 2015-16 SY 2016-17 SY 2017-18 GR 12 TWO YEARS SENIOR GRMS 11 SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL HS 4 (15 yo) GR twelve 4 YEARS JUNIOR HS IV (14 yo) GRMS 9 SECONDARY SCHOOL HS IV (13 yo) OLD PROGRAM GR 8 HS 4 (12 yo) NEW PROGRAM GR several GR six (11 yo) GR six 6 YEARS GRMS 5 (10 yo) GR 5 FUNDAMENTAL GR four (9 yo) GR 5 GR several (8 yo) GR a few GR a couple of (7 yo) OLD PROGRAMS GR two GR 1 (6 yo) NEW CURICULUM GR one particular KINDER (5 yo) KINDER Analysis of Case During the period of governance of Spain as well as the United States, education in the Korea changed substantially, mostly modeled on the approach to education in the United States of the time.

After gaining independence in 1946, the systems were no more automatically used in the Philippines, which have as moved in numerous directions of its own. Filipino children may possibly enter preschool at the age ranges of three to four, starting from gardening shop, and kindergarten. At the age ranges of half a dozen to eight, children enter into elementary school to get six or seven (on selected schools) years. This can be followed by the high school, for four years.

Students may then sit for the College Entrance Tests (CEE), after which it they may enter in tertiary educational institutions for two to five years. The Philippine educational system pursues the achievement of fantastic undergraduates inside the elementary and secondary level. Implementation of UbD is one of the proposals that undertook in the country recently.

Currently, the Section of Education pronounces digging in two more years in the basic education of learners, which in respect to them will profit not only the Filipino youth but all the Filipinos in the Philippines. This kind of proposal is part of P-noy’s Educational Reform Program. The administration asserts that with all the implementation of such system, the problem of unemployment near your vicinity will be settled.

In as much as employment inside the Philippines is involved, the K12 education also responds to the fact that most countries in the world currently have the same plan in their language schools. With this kind of, the standards of the countries get a step higher than the actual country provides, thus, creating an expansion in the global competency. What can be really stated about this prepare. The K-12 Basic Education Program should provide every single Filipino kid with the education s/he must compete in a global framework.

In May, Leader Benigno Aquino of the Thailand signed into law a basic education curriculum that will view a mandatory pre-school year and two further senior high school years added to what was a 10-year education subjects to make simple education more than a decade. The designed has been followed not only in colleges in the Korea, but also in Filipino schools overseas that follow the department’s curriculum. Gulf news reports: The aim of the new subjects is to provide Filipino students enough time to understand skills and concepts so they are ready for tertiary education when the period comes. Kindergarten was previously recommended, and advocates of the K-12 programme believe students who went to pre-school are better prepared intended for primary education than those who did not.

In addition , the K-12 programmed provides for the use of the mother tongue language since the channel of instructions for students inside the basic and lower years to facilitate and expedite learning. This wonderful interactive map of all public schools in the area could be a useful gizmo in planning for a recruitment technique. It contains data on the school’s budget, enrolment statistics, education indicators, number of teaching staff, furniture, books, classrooms, as well as the water and power supply of some 45, 000 educational institutions nationwide. twelve Point Education Agenda The move to the K-12 plan comes as area of the 10 Level Education Goal which was define by the current government administration.

The K-12 Basic Education Program, widespread kindergarten and instruction in mother-tongue languages are yet three with the ten points Aquino’s government want to implement in order to improve the total quality of education in Filipino schools. The additional seven details include: Build the Madaris Education being a sub-system in the current education system; Make just about every child a reader by simply Grade 1; Improve scientific research and mathematics; Expand government assist with private education; Better books; Build even more schools in cooperation with local government products (LGUs); Re-introduce technical and vocational education in public large schools.

Down under extends a helping hand Australia has long been a friend to the Philippines donating time, funding and also other resources, and working with the nation to develop and be sure quality. A month ago, the country grantedPHP 8. 4 billion (nearly US $193 million) to address basic education concerns and support the setup of the K-12 programme. They have likewise funded task management to enhance the skills of school officials in managing college processes and turn into schools into learner-centred establishments that continually improve and make on their best practices.

In return, Down under is surely expecting Filipino schools and learners will select Oz his or her destination of choice for relationships and analyze. As ICEF Monitor reported in March, the Korea is one of the top ten student market segments for Australian schools, colleges and universities. Building classes and adding teachers As stated, one of the ten points within the Education Goal aims to address severe overcrowding in Philippine schools and the shortage of sessions.

In Oct of recently, the Division of Education signed a with two winning consortia which will carry out the construction of close to 15, 000 classrooms. The department’s Public Private Collaboration for School Infrastructure Task (PSIP) gives schools the physical space they need and provides the private sector the business possibility to invest in the design, construction and maintenance of classrooms. Filipino Education Secretary Armin A. Luistro reports he expectations that in so doing, the sessions would stand as a display of Filipino capability and efficiency.

Progress is definitely well underway; construction greater than 9, 000 classrooms commenced in Drive of this year. An increase in student enrolment which caused the shortage of instructors was as a result of an increase in kindergarten students a result of the newest K-12 curriculum, as well as students who were previously enrolled in private school shifting to public school as a result of tuition fee hikes. Student enrolment in 2012/3 stood at 20. 67 million: 1 . 77 , 000, 000 kindergarten learners, 13.

26 million general students, and 5. sixty four million kids. Increased concentrate on vocational education A final stage on the 15 Point Education Agenda demands a re-introduction of vocational and technological education in high universities, which has been designed to give Filipino students functional skills to get employment after graduation a key component in tackling the high youngsters unemployment price in the Philippines. Some advocates are asking for the adoption of the German born model of apprenticeship. The Asidero Bulletin reported: It is expected that adopting the A language like german model would help talk about the skills mismatch between Filipino graduates as well as the jobs obtainable.

Ramon de Rosario, chief of the PBEd, has said the time has come to apply the apprenticeship system, due to start of the K-12 curriculum: It is a good time because of the progress the high school graduation curriculum which will have a track towards technical vocational education. In May, the Technical Education and Abilities Development Expert (TESDA) declared it had accomplished the K-12 technical professional curriculum, and everything was in place to get the start of the brand new school yr. TESDA Admin Joel Villanueva said, Technical vocational education and schooling (TVET) may play a central role inside the new education model that prepares pupils for tertiary education, middle-skills development, career and entrepreneurship.

Courses include automotive servicing, horticulture, welding, consumer electronics, dressmaking/tailoring, woodworking, food digesting and beauty care. The Philippines like a study destination Like many of its border countries, the Philippines has its eye on being a study destination of choice for individuals from the Asia-Pacific region. In January of this year, the Philippine Bureau of Migrants reported that of the 203, 753 and also the in the country, forty seven, 478 are studying in schools and universities country wide (which is usually 14% greater than the 41, 443 foreigners who utilized in 2011).

The bulk of individuals (31, 000) are within the age of 18 and studying at an general or secondary school or on a short-term (less than one particular year) training course. The Bureau’s Commissioner Ricardo David Junior said: Our country is definitely fast growing as a new educational centre in the Asia-Pacific region. Increasingly more foreigners happen to be coming below to study and it displays recognition in the improved quality of our educational system. He credited the inflow of international students for the quality of teaching and the usage of English since the moderate of teaching.

Some of those pupils chose the Philippines to study The english language, and the government is looking to boost ESL student numbers by making that easier for them to stay and find out. Last year, ICEF Monitor reported that intended for international learners studying British in Australia, the Philippines got entered competition as a destination option for the very first time in 2011. Assistance that up, an article inside the PIE News quotes Ruth Tizon, Designed Director from the Philippines ESL Tour Software, as saying, One thing is apparent: the Thailand is looking ahead.

With a developing population and a future economy, with regard to quality education is excessive. Many Filipino parents meet the basic education reforms and therefore are looking forward to even more opportunities for their children in vocational and higher education. ESSENTIAL ISSUE as well as GOALS The simple fact that the Thailand is the last country in the region to adopt a K-12basic educations system because it is not all regarding the trending basis nevertheless checking in accordance to the reality.

During the assessment done by the prestigious corporation Trends in International Math and Scientific research Study (TIMSS), they consider that the problem about the modern day curriculum in squeezing 12 years of fundamental education in to just 15 is that college students are beyond capacity with subjects which come to poor quality of fundamental education since reflected inside the low achievement scores of Filipino students. Intercontinental tests benefits like 2003 TIMSS get ranking the Korea 34th out of 37 countries in HS II Math and 43rd out of 46countries in HS II Science; for grade 4, the Philippines ranked 23rd out of 25 participating countries in both equally Math and Science.

In 2008, in spite of only the research high universities participating in the Advanced Math category, the Philippines were ranked most affordable. This top quality of education is mirrored in the limited preparation an excellent source of school teachers for the field of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. It is not the question training force since internationally we can say that the country is equipped of well-behaved educators able enough pertaining to the learning necessary by the pupils in our region. In fact , professors in our region are highly required and most favored to be employed and work in other nation.

But it is a matter of the academic system that we get which is made to teach a 12-year curriculum, yet it truly is delivered within 10 years. Even though some criticizing it as a means only to realigned as to what is a trending educational system to must have, then simply why not follow it if it can sustain the development of the educational system of our country and there is practically nothing wrong with it. For the question in the consequences that is to be brought by the policy, absolutely there will be many of those and it’s a part of all of the changes.

Better because the government is available to uplift the standard of education in the country and not just being seated to their individual offices and waiting what to you suppose will happen to the way forward for the students your current program. The insurance plan exist with provisions of program to be administered forthe sustainability of it, thus to relate it with economical hindrances it should be another story that is worth to be shown and should not really serve as a hindrance to get the development of one system within our country (education). To reach the expansion wherein the citizens are wanting, admitting the truth that it couldn’t be happening simultaneously may be the first step.

Desired goals of k-12 Individualized learning customized to each child’s demands. Award winning curriculum that engages young brain from e to doze with a rich mix of online fun and offline hands-on learning High school full-and-part time choices to help students find their own path A brand new kind of effective, personalized reference to teacher Favored alternative with rationale in this study I actually find out that k to 12 could have a big result in our region and even in the industry. It is a good software that can offer many final results and may help our country men to arise.

Nevertheless I also notice that some of whom Specialists if t to doze will be the solution for the individuals to be more comprehensive and productive in man powering many experienced answer maybe and no. then I got this kind of thought that It can benefit but persons in our region don’t wish to open their brains in this changes. People within our country currently is always getting excited about fast solutions and money at this condition it is because of the coming poverty plus the low with regard to man electric power and they are scared that in the event that they will not pursue the time you will have no jobs available for all of them.

They are afraid that k to doze will have an effect on every industry in hiring people so as our industry mainly because if we is able to see jobs in the hospitality sector is generally offered than that of the other careers. so I created the rationale we are good enough in the older curriculum. Why did My answer is this but Some yet view the effect of that in the college students it is because were also pressing students to work early on, why all of us will do that if we actually want to push them to work early on is to decreased the level of education just like the old one. Various parent will probably be sacrificing very much about it, Perhaps the answer of today’s crisis is to help those scholar to bring all their selves in the maximum period possible.

So that they can be because professionals in their early age. There is an immediate need to boost the quality of basic education in our country as observed in the education outcomes of Filipino students plus the comparative disadvantage of the Thailand with regard to other countries. The subsequent data will support this kind of explanation: At present, the Philippines is the just country in Asia and among the three remaining countries in the world that uses a 10-year basic education cycle.

According to a presentation made by the South East Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO-INNOTECH) on Extra Years in Philippine Basic Education (2010), the comparative info on duration of Basic and Pre-University Education in Asia shows that the Philippines allots 10 years not simply for the basic education pattern but also for the pre-university education while all the other countries have either 10 or more than a decade in their standard education cycle. Achievement ratings highlight our students’ poor performance in national examinations. The Countrywide Achievement Check (NAT) effects for grade 6 in SY 2009-2010 showed only a 69. 21% moving rate even though the NAT benefits for high school is at a decreased 46.

38%. Moreover, foreign tests brings about 2003 Developments in Foreign Mathematics and Science analyze (TIMSS) show that the Philippines ranked thirty fourth out of 38 countries in HS Math and 43rd away of 46 countries in HS 2 Science. Additionally, the Philippines ranked the lowest in 08 even with the particular science substantial schools getting started with the Advanced Mathematics category.

Assumptions The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and more than a decade of fundamental education (six years of main education, four years of Jr High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for competence of concepts and expertise, develop lifelong learners, and prepare teachers for tertiary education, middle-level skills expansion, employment, and entrepreneurship. -DEPED K 12 can play a role in: Strengthening early on childhood education Making program relevant to scholars Ensuring included and soft learning Building proficiency through language Nurturing the naturally Filipino Pre-school and more than a decade of basic education is offered for free in public schools. There are additional indirect costs, although government agencies will be collaborating to provide programs that will enable everyone access to top quality education, specifically to those with lesser means.

Proposals such as the expansion with the Education Services Contracting (ESC) scheme within the Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education (GASTPE) and also other cost-sharing arrangements are becoming developed by DepEd. K to 12 graduates should have bigger earning potential as they is often more competent and skilled. As a result of the E to doze Program, particularly the more specific education in Senior High School, CHED is exploring the possibility of reducing the number of years of which will enable these to have more job opportunities. Certain degree programs in college.

K to doze graduates can obtain national documentation from TESDA, After concluding Grade 15, a student can obtain Certificates of Competency (COC) or a Nationwide Certificate Level I (NC I). After finishing a Technical-Vocational-Livelihood trail in Level 12, a student may get yourself a National License Level II (NC II), provided he passes the competency-based examination of the Specialized Education and Skills Advancement Authority (TESDA). NC I and NC II boosts employability of graduates in fields like Agriculture, Electronics, and Trade.

After dealing with Kindergarten, the improved Elementary and Junior Excessive curriculum, and a specialised Senior Excessive program, every single K to 12 participants will be ready to go into different pathways whether it is further education, employment, or perhaps entrepreneurship. Just about every graduate will be equipped with: Info, media and technology expertise, Learning and innovation abilities, Effective connection skills, and Life and career abilities. MANILA, Thailand Last May 15, President Sereno Aquino 3 signed the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 into law. Korea is the previous country in Asia to approved e 12. The implementation of the Universal Kindergarten began in SY 20112012.

The enhanced program for Quality 1 and Grade several (1st Season Junior Large School) was turned out in SY 20122013, and will be progressively presented in the other grade levels in being successful school years. Grade eleven will be launched in SY 20162017 and Grade 12 in SY 20172018. The? rst group of high college students to undergo K to 12 will graduate in March 2018. K to 12 teachers will be ready to be employed in various companies.

Education Secretary Armin Luistro earlier declared the T to doze program would want to ensure that even if they don’t choose to go to college, they finish studying what is standard. As per Republic Take action no . 10157 or the Pre-school Education Act, Kindergarten is becoming part of the education system and a pre-requisite for entrance to Grade 1 . Open public schools will certainly continue to admit children who may have not taken Kindergarten into Grade one particular until SY 2013-2014. High school graduation students can consider 3 songs: Academic, Sports activities and Artistry, and Technical-Vocational-Livelihood. After Level 10, a student can obtain Certi? cates of Competency (COC) or a Countrywide Certi? suspenso Level My spouse and i (NC I).

After concluding a Technical Vocational-Livelihood in Grade 12, a student may obtain a Nationwide Certi? golpe Level II (NC II), provided he passes the competency-based evaluation of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). NC We and NC II boosts employability of graduates in? elds like Agriculture, Electronics, and Trade. In Kinder, mother tongue, shall be used while the method of teaching.

In Marks 1-3, the mother tongue to be used in teaching all topics, except in teaching Filipino and English subjects. Beginning Grade 5, Filipino and English can be the ‘languages’ for instructions. Starting SY 2016-2017, DepEd shall embark on partnerships with colleges, schools, and Technical-Vocational Institutions (TVI) to use their particular existing services and educating staff to ensure that reduction in enrollment in these universites and colleges will be counteract during the move period. Non-public schools should be adhere to the minimum requirements of the E to 12 curriculum.

They should also the actual K to 12 advancement, even if they choose to not offer degrees 11-12 (e. g. exclusive junior substantial schools can easily remain consequently but their college students will have to copy for elderly high school). Recommendations In the light conclusions of the research and the realization drawn, the following recommendations are given: K to 12 could be more embraced by the parents from the students if the government is likely to make new ways of helping the parents of the college student to make their very own children’s finish the e to doze program The majority of the student that will undergo k-12 program belongs to a family that includes a minimum income income. And majority of the respondents are 11-12 years of age.

Based on my own study, we could say that k to doze program will affect the pupil learning’s and may add working out for them to applied if they are going to wanted to are early within their age. It could be said pertaining to the results that t to 12 will help the youth to get young professionals in the hospitality industry were in job opportunities are definitely more open to these people because of the schooling that they will take in this program. Around the findings there for incorporate that the k to 12 has many effects on the pupils that will experience the program and they’ll have capacities of having work in the food industry but also in the study this shows that in addition, it decreased all their parents functions to support their very own studies.

Decision criteria Long term education status Family wage income how can you asses t to doze program as being a student for taking the e to doze program: Quality of the education Effects for the student learning Its impact on the parents capacities on assisting their Childs education How can it impact the numbers of the students who will continue their studies to attain all their degree in college? What is the understanding of the college students regards to: the e to doze program the modern ways of learning readiness so they can work in a establishment In case the TESDA training accreditation is likely to make them more professionals especially on the hospitality industry.

Subject this research concerns with the examination of the case of k to 12 put in the Philippines that had been implied last 2012 and if can easily create fresh hospitality professionals. Respondents the respondents of the analyze are the registrants of San Antonio National high school that has previously taking the new curriculum t to 12. Instrumentation the author employed the following tool to gather important data. Questionnaires are properly prepared to response the specific challenges of the study. Observation as method of gathering details for the investigation may specify as perceiving data throughout the senses.

Declaration is most widely used in learning behavior. This will be used to determine the actual reaction of the students even though the Questionnaire given to them. Placing the writer will concentrate their research on the viewpoint of college students in San Antonio countrywide high school in san Antonio village Makati city. Reason Student that may take e to 12 program can easily acquired the next: Acquire mastery of basic competencies.

Be more emotionally older. Always be socially aware, pro-active, involve in public and civic affairs. Always be adequately well prepared for the phrase of work or Entrepreneurship or more education. Be lawfully employable with potential for better earnings. Be worldwide competitive.

Every graduate student of the Enhanced K to 12 Fundamental Education program is an empowered individual who has learned, through a plan that is grounded on sound educational rules and aimed at excellence, the foundations to get learning through life, the competence to engage in work and be productive, the cabability to coexist in fruitful harmony with regional and global communities, the ability to engage in autonomous essential thinking, as well as the capacity to enhance others and oneself. Culture and Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship Why add two more years? Decongest and boost the basic education curriculum. More expensive education for a lot of.

Philippines is definitely the only leftover country in Asia with a 10-year fundamental education plan. K to12 is not really new. The proposal to expand the fundamental education goes back to 1925.

Studies in the Philippines demonstrate that an additional year of schooling raises earnings simply by 7. 5%.. Studies confirm that improvements in the top quality of education will increase GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT growth simply by 2% to 2 . 2% Minus two instead of plus 2 for those families who also cannot afford a college education but nevertheless wish to have their children find a good paying out job. Right now, parents invest in at least 4 a lot of college to have unemployable child. In our style, parents will not pay for two years of basic Education that may give them a great employable child. In effect, were saving parents 2 years of expenses.

The plan is not really Plus a couple of years before graduation but Minus 2 years just before work Encourage a shift in attitude that completing high school education is more than just preparation for college yet can be satisfactory for a gainful employment or career. What is going to the culture gain by K to 12? K to 12 will help an accelerated economic progress.

K to 12 can facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries. An improved educated culture provides a sound foundation pertaining to long-term socio-economic development. Several studies show that the improvements in the top quality of education will increase GDP growth up to 2%.

Research in the UK, India and US show that additional many years of schooling have positive total impact on culture. What Benefits will Persons and People get? An enhanced programs will decongest academic work load. Graduates will possess competencies and abilities relevant to the job market.

Participants will be well prepared for degree. Graduates can earn higher wages and/or better ready to start their particular business. Participants could certainly be recognized in foreign countries.

MANILA, PhilippinesAdding two years to the current 10-year basic education routine is an absolutely essential reform to put the country’s community education program at similar with the remaining portion of the world, a worldwide education qualified said on Wednesday. Sheldon Shaeffer, representative at the Bureau of Education of the ALGUN Educational, Scientific and Ethnic Organization (Unesco) Asia Pacific cycles, said the K+12 program (Kindergarten as well as 12 years) was a necessary reform to make the program comparable to and competitive with other countries. Speaking by a spiel on college leadership on the Department of Education (DepEd), Shaeffer said a 12-year education circuit would be more useful to the personal needs and employment opportunities of it is graduates.

I actually don’t see how people can disagree with this, said Shaeffer just before an audience of top Philippine education representatives and reps from several schools. The flagship education program in the Aquino operations, the K+12 basic education reform strategy aims to improve the quality of Filipino secondary school graduates by having two years of senior high school to the present 10-year education curriculum. The two additional years in high school graduation are envisioned to serve as a specialty area period to get high school students, whether in vocational skills, music, the arts or sports. This would give high school graduates the choice to follow jobs with a basic education diploma or perhaps proceed to college.

The program should make Filipino education for par with all the rest of the universe, with 12 years of simple schooling currently a global regular. According to the DepEd, only the Israel, Angola and Djibouti have a 10-year basis training cycle. Officials said the two-year disadvantage had tested problematic inside the accreditation of Philippine teachers when obtaining postgraduate classes and employment overseas.

Recently, Laos added a year to its 11-year-program, Shaeffer mentioned. Education Secretary Armin Luistro acknowledged the transition to a 12-year system can be difficult although noted the fact that Philippines was already delayed in approaching to the global standard. What we’re taking a look at now is how to implement it. In [implementing] any alter, there will be problems and this is what we really have to work on toge

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