Cultural process article

The social method theory attracts the conclusion that criminals were raised within an environment that forms those to make outlawed decisions. People are influenced in what they are taught and their natural environment such as in which they were raised, their adults, and people that they associated with. Person’s actions and thought process depends on what their initial instinct is and their first instinct will be what they understand best. For instance , if a son is increased in a home exactly where their friends and family shows his / her anger by reacting actually, that kid will be more very likely the one that is getting in arguements at university than the kid who was raised in a home had been fighting was never present.

No one is born with the mind be a felony, they are somehow directed to execute the behavior or actions he or she have determined.

Gangs are groups of persons usually with the same common demeanors. Associates in a company who make crime have been exposed to prior malicious patterns.

The containment theory emphasizes what pushes and pulls a great alleged deviant criminal. The containment theory has two principles, external, and inner contributors driving someone to devote crime. The external adding to factors of the containment theory represent several background unusualness, such as bad influence, likely biological or psychological disorders. The internal rule is observed as wishes and advantages, such as financial gain, sexual satisfaction, whatever individually motivates someone to commit criminal offense Schmalleger, 2012, p. 181).

The sociable bond persons developed in gangs are attachment through shared passions, committing to simply how much energy and devotion is usually put toward others, associated with members from the group, and sharing the same beliefs. A few possible concerns of the hold theory in relation to gangs is the psychopathic patterns being given to like a cool. For example , the Columbine capturing was committed by two young men whom shared sociable bonds. For the 20th of April it happened in 1999, two high school seniors wandered onto their particular Colorado secondary school campus and started firing everyone in view. By the end with the siege both gunmen were dead as well as other 13 people and 23were wounded (Ehrlich, n. deb. ). These actions caused many theories about so why these two young men had dedicated such a heinous work. Some people blamed the violence on guns, others blamed bullying, plus some even blamed the parents from the shooters. No matter what tragedy happens people will always put the fault on no matter what it is that they do not like.

However , there are some social method theories which may explain the actions of the two young men. One such theory is the cultural control theory. This theory “Focuses within the strength of the bond people share with the individuals and institutions surrounding them, especially while those interactions shape their very own behavior, and seeks to spot those highlights of the personality and of environmental surroundings that keep people from committing crimes (Schmalleger, 2012, p. 181). This theory seems to place more of the responsibility on the father and mother of the photographers because the mom and dad are those that revealed their children (the shooters) to violent games as well as weapons. These father and mother may be partly too blamed for the actions that occurred that dreadful day simply because many of the weapons applied were both built in a similar house because the parents or perhaps were lawfully owned by them. One more theory that seems to connect into the sociable control theory is the sociable learning theory. The cultural learning theory states, “All behavior is learned in much the same way and this crime is also learned.

That places major emphasis on the roles of “communication and socialization in the acquisition of discovered patterns of criminal tendencies and the ideals supporting that behavior (Schmalleger, 2012, p. 186). These two theories move hand- in-hand with each other. One more theory that could be attributed to the actions from the shooters may be the labeling theory. This theory “Points for the special value of society’s response to the criminal and sees ongoing crime on account of limited options for satisfactory behavior in this article from the negative responses of society to people defined as offenders (Schmalleger, 2012, p. 183). This theory helps gas the idea that the shooters were bullied and were defined as outcasts. Therefore , the shooters were probably upset regarding being teased and responded in the simply way that they knew how. Unfortunately, the real reason behind the shootings will never be known and criminologists can simply assume as to what caused the two of these young men to snap.

In accordance to Harold E. Pepinsky, and Richard Quinney the theorists who developed the style for peacemaking criminology. Peacemaking criminology “holds thatcrime-control companies and citizens must come together to alleviate social problems, including crime (Schmalleger, 2012, l. 215). Radical Criminology is known as a social discord theory regulating 1960s ” present, notion of social class. The peacemaking theory is short for the complete opposite of the radical theory. The peacemaking theory emphasizes get-togethers working collaboratively to resolve social problems. The radical theory is the reverse of peacemaking, and capitalizes on “disenfranchising those much less successful (Schmalleger, 2012, g. 215). The radical theory the abundant get more potent and the poor get poorer, and the peacemaking theory says everyone need to work together to correct social problems. It seems that yet , American world has made much progress as its beginning and that we still have much crime to handle.

The United States economic system is based on capitalism and the reason behind most of the nation’s crime, based on the conflict point of view theory. This theory maintains that though we have laws and regulations to keep purchase they themselves create dispute and criminal offense. These laws are implement by the judgment class in power to control those not in forces. This leads to dissention and eventually to those away of capacity to commit criminal offenses. This theory says that as long as we have a materialistic greedy society such as capitalism produces; criminal offenses will be a normal byproduct (Reid, 2012). The conflict point of view says that criminals are not much different via normal residents but that society acts differently with their behavior. Employees are demoralized in a capitalist society: found in a aggresive cycle of wanting buyer goods that they are taught are essential for life and not being able to acquire them with no reverting to crime for this.

Materialism causes crime since the American dream can never always be realized because they constantly need more (Sims, 1997). This kind of theory features its root base in the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Their operate maintains felony and asocial behavior control from social conflict. Private property possession is one example of capitalism that leads individuals not able to personal property into poverty. That they believed capitalism to be the major factor in so why there is criminal offenses. Their job eventually produced communism where in theory everyone shared equally in all things so there may be less desire to have more than the additional person (Reid, 2012). There exists an focus on social and economic circumstances instead of the classic belief that criminals dedicate crimes by rational choice or endure a biological/psychological deficiency. Thecrime conflict theory portrays individuals as to some degree faultless while the system can be rigged against them. They are denied a number of the finer points in life that they can believe they will deserve. Consequently , crime within a capitalist world will always be around according to the belief (Sims, 1997).

The earth is a harmful place plus some neighborhoods really are a more hazardous than other folks. One reason for the different versions in crimes by areas could be linked to the interpersonal disorganization theory, which says that the avoidance of criminal offenses is because of the direct direction of law enforcement (Triplett & Gainey, 2007). This theory implies that every individual neighborhood has its own characteristics that form the level of social control that the community has on its occupants (Triplett & Gainey, 2007). One of this would be a homeowners relationship. Many property owner associations include strict regulations for the residents that reside inside their neighborhoods. These strict rules help the property owners association set up a hierarchy that permits it to fine occupants that break the law and establish its dominance among the list of people.

Another example will in to the south central La where home owner associations tend not to run the neighborhoods, although gangs carry out. These bande make it seem the “thug life is the best way to live and so many persons end looking at it mainly because that is considered the norm. This however , can be not always the situation. When this occurs it can be known as the anomie. Anomie is usually “An environmental states exactly where society fails to exercise adequate regulation or constraint in the goals and desires of its individual members (Durkheim & Merton, n. d. ). This kind of basically means that a select number of individuals will go against what rules that the regulating body from the neighborhood says are getting violated. As a result of lack of limitation, many individuals that fall sufferer to this often end up acquiring their own lives.

In conclusion, scammers are not delivered with the objective becoming a criminal without support from outdoors forces. Everyone is born innocent however the individual’s surroundings can influence how he or she believe and work. An individual simply cannot control how he or she was raised and who have you had been surrounded by till you will be old enough for making that decision, however , it might be too late. For the individual has the capacity to make his or her own different types of who that they spend time with, they are most likely likely to follow acrowd most familiar to what he or she know, advantages or disadvantages.

Without even paying attention people are getting directed and led to a certainpath in life, and it is unlucky for those given birth to into a lifestyle where people around them are living the wrong way. Yes, people have an option on how what they do, no one is forced to commit against the law, however , it is extremely hard to look away from what you were taught and raised to be. All people may commit crime and most very likely will if perhaps they were raised with that mentality. It is assumed that many criminals today would have had a diverse fate if perhaps they were favorably influenced by their environment together better role models to look up to.


Durkheim, E. & Merton, R. K. (n. d. ). Durkheim’s Traditional Contribution. Gathered from

Ehrlich, They would. J. (n. d. ). The Columbine High School Shootings: The Lessons Learned.

Gathered from Reid, H. (2012). Crime and Criminology (13th Ed. ).: Oxford University Press. Schmalleger, F. (2012). Criminology Today: An Integrative Advantages (6th ed).

Retrieved from your University of Phoenix e-book Collection database. Sims, B. (1997, February). Crime, Consequence and the American Dream. Record of Exploration in Offense and Delinquency, 34(5), 5-24. Triplett, Ur. A. & Gainey, R. R. (2007). Understanding Local communities and Crime. Retrieved coming from:

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