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Literature, Nourishment

Introduction

The key aim of this kind of project was going to assess the romantic relationship of CVD risk factors and diet plan in Cuban Americans. More specifically, this task was was executed to see the association of omega 3 essential fatty acid with CVD biomarkers, homocysteine and CRP in Cuban Americans with and without type 2 diabetes. These aspires were targeted with the views to rendering information on cardiovascular disease risk factors and its association with diet plan and diabetes mellitus type 2.

The results advised positive association between omega watches 3 essential fatty acid andhomocysteine quartiles, suggesting the significant role of omega 3 fatty acids in the regulation of homocysteine level. Nevertheless , the affiliation of omega 3 essential fatty acid was not located with CRP levels, which in turn suggested the actual little or no position of omega watches 3 fatty acid in lowering the level of CRP. Moreover, diabetic status has not been found to be associated with either homocysteine quartiles or CRP levels. This kind of finding figured homocysteine and CRP may not be involved in controlling the blood going around blood sugar.

A result of the record t-test revealed that waistline circumference was directly linked to diabetes, which in turn indicated unhealthy weight as a main indicator of diabetes. This finding backed several other previous findings that studied the association among obesity and type 2 diabetes (Daousi, et. ‘s. 2006 and Yajnik and Ganpule, 2010).

Interestingly, an additional CVD risk factor, total blood bad cholesterol was identified to be drastically higher in non-diabetics. Nevertheless , whether HDL or BAD was bigger nondiabetics has not been measured, so that it is difficult to bring any summary from this getting. Other factors, such as BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, weren’t found to get associated with diabetes. These benefits seemed a bit contradictory as previous studies have located the relationship between these types of parameters and diabetes (Bays, et. al. 2007 and Mancia, 2005)., Interestingly, linkage was identified between diabetes and glycosylate haemoglobin and omega 3 fatty acids, which will suggested the implication of thee tow factor in diabetes risk. These types of findings corroborate with identical other results. Edelman, et. al (2013) reported that high level of HbA1c was associated with larger incidence of type 2 diabetes. In the same way, another study by Virtanen, et. ‘s (2013) recommended that intake of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid was connected with long-term manage risk of type 2 diabetes.

Furthermore, the results revealed no relationship between CRP and diabetes, which contradicted the inflammatory pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (Muqabo and Renoncer, 2010). Another important finding was that diabetic position was straight associated with the division of homocysteine quartiles, which will supported the previous findings simply by Ndrepepa, ou. al (2008) and Badiou, et. ‘s (2012) because explained previous.

Romance between tissot 3 fatty acid and homocysteine

This kind of study showed positive relationship between tissot 3 essential fatty acid and homocysteine level, indicating the role of omega 3 essential fatty acids in managing the level of homocysteine in the body. As discussed earlier, homocysteine is a crucial biomarker of CVD and control of which may reduce the risk of CVD. These kinds of findings support previous getting by Kulkarni, et. ing (2011) who studied the association of omega a few fatty acid with homocysteine concentrations. In the analyze they located that improved omega several fatty acids (mainly docosahexaenoic acid) may lead to increased homocysteine attention. However , most of studies have focused on the association among omega 3 fatty acids and other CVD guns such as LDL, blood sugar and clotting elements (Yeh, ain. al. 2009, Etherton, ainsi que. al. 2002). Thus, additional long term studies should be done to unravel the possible connection between tissot 3 essential fatty acid and homocysteine.

Limitations

Despite some interesting findings, the analysis had handful of limitations. The association of omega 3 fatty acids with homocysteine and CRP was only examined in diabetics and nondiabetics. The study would have given much clearer realization if the implication of omega watches 3 essential fatty acids and its biomarkers was as well investigated in CVD people. Moreover, even though the study identified the correlation between bad cholesterol and diabetes, it would not assess whether HDL or perhaps LDL had greater inference in diabetes sufferers.

Specialized medical implications from the findings and future study

Diabetes and CVD disease will be two persistent conditions which have been the major criminals among all the diseases. Preventive measures and early diagnosis is still the key to get proper management of the disease. This analyze suggests the beneficial function of omega 3 fat in diabetes and heart disease. More so, the analysis also confirmed the connection of omega watches 3 fatty acids with CVD markers including homocysteine, cholesterol, as well as diabetes marker such as HbA1c. Hence, people who are in danger of developing CVD and diabetes can be prompted to intake diet rich in omega a few fatty acids. However the connection of omega 3 essential fatty acid with inflammatory maker, CRP remained not yet proven. Also, if increased homocysteine in diabetes sufferers was linked to CVD was beyond the scope on this project and demands further studies. Long term studied should be done to see the associated with omega 3 fatty acids in altering homocysteine level and CRP in CVD individuals.

References

Bays, H. At the., Chapman, 3rd there’s r. H., Grandy, S. , SHIELD Investigators’ Group 2007, “The romantic relationship of human body mass index to diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidaemia: comparison of data from two national surveys, International log of specialized medical practice, vol. 61, no . 5, pp. 737-747.

Daousi, C., Casson, I. F., Gill, G. V., MacFarlane, I. A., Wilding, T. P. , Pinkney, J. H. 2006, “Prevalence of obesity in type 2 diabetes in secondary proper care: association with cardiovascular risk factors, Postgraduate medical journal, vol. 82, no . 966, pp. 280-284.

Edelman, D., Olsen, M. K., Dudley, T. K., Harris, A. C. , Oddone, E. Z. 2005, “Utility of hemoglobin A1c in predicting diabetes risk, Journal of general interior medicine, vol. 19, number 12, pp. 1175-1180.

Etherton, P. Meters. K., Harris, W. S andAppel, D. J, 2002. AHA Scientific Statement. “Fish Consumption, Fish oil supplements, Omega-3 Essential fatty acids, and Aerobic Disease, volume. 106, pp. 2747-2757.

Kulkarni, A., Mehendale, S., Pisal, H., Kilari, A., Dangat, K., Salunkhe, S., Taralekar, V. , Joshi, S. 2011, “Association of omega-3 fatty acids and homocysteine concentrations in pre-eclampsia, Clinical nourishment (Edinburgh, Scotland), vol. 40, no . 1, pp. 60-64.

Mancia, G. 2005, “The association of hypertension and diabetes: frequency, cardiovascular risk and safety by stress reduction, ActaDiabetologica, vol. 42 Suppl one particular, pp. S17-25.

Mugabo, Y., Li, M. , Renoncer, G. 2010, “The connection between C-reactive protein (CRP) and diabetic vasculopathy. Focus on preclinical findings, Current diabetes reviews, vol. 6, number 1, pp. 27-34.

Virtanen, J. T., Mursu, J., Voutilainen, S., Uusitupa, Meters. , Tuomainen, T. L. 2013, “Serum Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Risk of Event Type 2 Diabetes in Men: The Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study, Diabetes proper care.

Yajnik, C. S. , Ganpule-Rao, A. V. 2010, “The obesity-diabetes association: what is different in indians? , The international journal of lower extremity wounds, volume. 9, number 3, pp. 113-115.

Yeh, E, Solid wood, R. Deb, Leeson, S i9000 and Squires, E. L, 2009. United kingdom poultry science. “Effect of dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids about clotting actions of Component V, VII and Back button in oily liver haemorrhagic syndrome-susceptible putting hens, vol. 50, number 3, pp. 582-392.

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