Among 1941-1945, Filipino Literature was interrupted in the development when the Philippines was again conquered by one more foreign region, Japan. Filipino literature in English found a stop. Except for the TRIBUNE plus the PHILIPPINE REVIEW, almost all newspaper publishers in The english language were ended by the Western. This had an advantageous impact on Filipino Materials, which experienced renewed focus because writers in British turned to writing in Filipino. Juan Laya, who uses to write in English, looked to Filipino due to strict prohibitions of the Japanese people regarding virtually any writing in English.
The weekly LIWAYWAY was placed under strict cctv surveillance until it was managed by simply Japanese called Ishiwara. Quite simply, Filipino materials was given an escape during this period. Various wrote takes on, poems, brief stories, etc . Topics and themes were often regarding life inside the provinces.
A. FILIPINO BEAUTIFULLY CONSTRUCTED WORDING DURING THIS PERIOD
The normal theme of the majority of poems throughout the Japanese career was nationalism, country, like, and lifestyle in the barrios, faith, religious beliefs and the arts.
3 types of poems surfaced during this period. These were: 1 . Haiku ” a poem of totally free verse the fact that Japanese like. It was composed of 17 syllables divided into three lines. The first collection had 5 syllables, the other, 7 syllables, and the third, five. The Haiku is definitely allegorical in meaning, is short and covers a broad scope in meaning. 2 . Tanaga ” like the Haiku, is brief but it acquired measure and rhyme. Every line had 17 syllables and it’s also meaningful in meaning. 3. Karaniwang Anyo (Usual Form) ” like these mentioned previously in the beginning chapters of this book.
B. FILIPINO DRAMA DURING THE JAPANESE PERIOD
The episode experienced a lull during the Japanese period because movie houses showing American films had been closed. The top movie houses had been just made to demonstrate stage reveals. Many of the plays were reproductions of English plays to Tagalog. The translators had been Francisco Soc Rodrigo, Alberto Concio, and Narciso Pimentel. They also founded the organization of Filipino players named Dramatic Philippines. Some of playwriters were: 1 . Jose Ma. Hernandez ” had written PANDAY FUEGO
2 . Francisco Soc Rodrigo ” wrote sa JUA, SA PUTI
3. Clodualdo Delete Mundo ” wrote BULAGA (an expression in the game Hide and Seek). 4. Julian Cruz Balmaceda ” composed SINO BA KAYO?, DAHIL SA PUTRA, and HIGANTE NG PATAY.
C. THE FILIPINO BRIEF STORY THROUGH THE JAPANESE PERIOD
The discipline of the brief story increased during the Japanese Occupation. Various wrote brief stories. Included in this were: BrigidoBatungbakal, Macario Pineda, Serafin Guinigindo, Liwayway Arceo, Narciso Ramos, NVM Gonzales, Alicia Lopez Lim, Ligaya Perez, and Gloria Guzman. The best articles in 1945 had been selected with a group of judges composed of Francisco Icasiano, Jose Esperanza Cruz, Antonio Rosales, Clodualdo delete Mundo and Teodoro Santos. As a result of this selection, this got the first three prizes: First Prize: Narciso Reyes together with his LUPANG TINUBUAN
Second Prize: Liwayway Arceo’s UHAW ANG TIGANG NA LUPA
Third Award: NVM Gonzales’ LUNSOD NAYON AT DAGAT-DAGATAN
G. PHILIPPINE BOOKS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE (1941-1945)
As a result of strict prohibitions imposed b the Japanese in the writing and publishing of works in English, Philippine literature in English skilled a dark period. The few whom dared to write down did so for their bread and butter or for propaganda. Writings that came out during this time period were journalistic in mother nature. Writers experienced suppressed yet slowly, the spirit of nationalism begun to seep to their consciousness. Even though some continued to write, the majority continued to wait for a better climate to create their performs. Note valuable writer of the period was Carlos P. Romulo who also won the Pulitzer Award for his bestsellers I SAW THE FALL OF THE PHILIPPINES, I SEE THE ISRAEL RISE wonderful MOTHER AMERICA AND MY MATE AMERICANS. Media include Nazareno P. Lopez, Leon Mum. Geurrero, Raul Manglapuz and Carlos Bulosan. Nick Joaquin produced THE GIRL WHO SEEMED LIKE LAZARUS. Sally Ruiz Castro wrote a number of poems.
Farreneheit. B. Icasino wrote essays in The Philippine Review. Carlos Bulosan’s works included THE LAUGHTER OF MY FATHER (1944), THE TONE OF VOICE OF BATAAN, 1943, 6 FILIPINO POETS, 1942, among others. Alfredo Litiatco published With Harp and Sling and 1943, Jose P. Laurel published Makes that Make a Nation Superb. The Earth Literary Accolades gave awards to meritorious writers. Individuals who won had been: 1 . SUCH AS THE MOLAVE ” by Rafael Zulueta ag Costa (Poetry) 2 . JUST HOW MY BROTHER LEON BROUGTH HOME A BETTER HALF ” by Manuel E. Arguilla (Short Story) several. LITERATURE AND SOCIETY ” by Rescatador P. Lopez (Essay)
5. HIS NATIVE SOIL ” by Juan Laya (Novel) President Manuel L. Quezon’s autobiography THE GREAT FIGHT was published posthumously. Radio messages echoed the mingled fear and concerns in the hearts of the persons. Other authors of this period were Juan Collas (19440, Tomas Confesor (1945), Both roman A. entre ma Cruz and Elisa TabuÃ±ar.
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