Stages and Phases of Negotiation Essay

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Phases and Phases of Arbitration Introduction Negotiation is an important aspect of every business and various situations is obviously since it will help individuals, countries and even organizations to enter into an agreement that is certainly mutually suitable to all the individuals involved (Crump, 2011).

Negotiation involves departing ones safe place and stand so as to reach an agreement of which a compromise of ideas, position amongst others has to be done so that each one included benefits in a single way yet another. Negotiation can merely be understood to be the process or method through which people who have differences settle all of them by getting an agreement or maybe a compromise. The main aim of talks is to steer clear of any kind of arguments and settle concerns in a peaceful way.

The goal of the persons involved in discussions is to achieve the best possible outcome for all the celebrations which are mixed up in negotiation (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). A successful outcome within a negotiation process can only be achieved through the putting on the principles of seeking one common or shared benefit, justness and to ensure that the existing interactions are increased and preserved throughout the method. There are distinct specific varieties of negotiations which can be applied depending on the situation including international affairs, government, domestic relationships, legal system, and industrial disputes among many others (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). Negotiation skills are very necessary and important in carrying out the negotiation procedure.

Negotiation as identified is a procedure which involves people and it requires place in stages and stages before the primary agreement can be reached by the parties which are engaged. There are diverse stages and phases which has been identified through which the discussion process need to undergo before the final arrangement is come to (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). These levels and stages include: Preparation, relationship building, information gathering, information employing, bidding, making the sale and finally employing the agreement. This gives a total of eight stages and phases that happen to be involved in a negotiation procedure for any kind.

Negotiations are of great importance because ultimately of the whole process, there exists an final result which is anticipated to be beneficial to the get-togethers which are involved. Just like any other procedure and processes which exist, there is great need for right preparations to be made (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). Formulations are important and form the 1st stage to a successful arbitration process.

This phase and stage will involve making decisions of precisely what is of great importance in the negotiation, defining the many goals and objectives that are to be obtained, and pondering ahead on how the whole method will be done in addition to how the parties involved works together to reach a particular common agreement as Hiam, & Lewicki (2013) observed. At this kind of phase and stage of negotiation, a determination is created whether there is certainly any dependence on the settlement and identifying why the negotiation must take place in conjunction with what is to be achieved over time (Crump, 2011).

The celebrations that are to be involved in the settlement must be capable to set up their very own negotiation daily activities, identify the correct people who will take part in the negotiation, receive the necessary resources which may be necessary to complete the negotiation method, make an identity of the place where the arbitration is to happen (Aknine, 2012). It is important to get ready so that the first is not ambushed during the negotiation process and fail to achieve anything of importance once the method is completed.

After the preparation level and creating the relevant resources, people and identifying the key agendas in the whole settlement process, another stage that is of great importance is the business of a romantic relationship with the reverse party or parties that are to be involved j the negotiation procedure (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013). Building a great relationship right away before the entire process of negotiation is began is of great necessity because it will help in having the method completed since required and within a considerable good period. Good romantic relationship is also important because it will help in minimizing the amount of solutions which are to become used during the process.

This stage requires that you will get to know, appreciate and learn about the opposite party or parties who need to be involved in the procedure (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). This will help in the identification in the similarities the parties share which may act as strength towards the successful completing the process, and differences which can affect the complete process. Also, it is important to build relationships with the opposite party to help demonstrate kind of determination that you have in ensuring that there is successful success of the common goals and objectives throughout the outcome with the negotiation.

According to Liu and Sharma (2011), the relationship building level is of serious importance as it will help inside the moving of the other phases of negotiation forwards (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). Without great relationship with the opposite party there are fewer chances the fact that negotiation will move to the next phase. This stage of relationship building will assist in understanding whether the process will go to the next level and what kind of atmosphere does the negotiations come about.

After ensuring that there is certainly good relationship with the functions which are mixed up in negotiation process, the next step or perhaps phase for the successful completing the negotiation process will the gathering from the relevant info and data as seen by Crump (2011). Data and data is important in knowing what to request during the discussion and how to way the issues which the other get-togethers involved brings to the settlement table (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). This procedure is important because it helps in progressing to learn what one is needed to know about the different issues which is involved in the arbitration, about the contrary parties plus the various demands that the other parties may possibly have.

Information gathering also helps in the determination from the feasibility from the having a negotiation and the conceivable outcomes which may result from the process (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). This stage also helps in being aware of and understanding what will take place in case there exists lack of arrangement with the contrary side after the process of settlement is completed. Info gathering will need extensive exploration and research of data and information that is available to ascertain the kind of and required information with the negotiation. The info to be obtained can be obtained from various options such as the information which are available, and interviews and others (Aknine, 2012).

The next level and phase that is being undertaken at the same time of settlement is the usage of the information that can be gathered (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013). Following gathering the relevant information of negotiation, it is necessary to make use of that information and data pertaining to the completing the process. It can be at this particular stage which the negotiators or perhaps the people who have recently been selected to conduct the negotiation form both sides of the negotiation come together and set up the case that they would like to help to make.

They suggest their recommended outcome of the process, the required type of negotiation which they anticipate and the one which will ensure the needs with the negotiators will be maximized for the fullest (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). The mediators meet and promote the preferred final results that they want to achieve by the end of the settlement. It is at this time that each party becomes aware of the requirements of the other party and what kind of final result that each can be hoping to find at the end of the process.

The information that had been collected plays an important role in enabling the negotiators to relay and make known their recommended outcome (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). The negotiators try to sell their end result to the other involved functions and look at their reactions while producing a comparison involving the outcome advised by the other party and the the one which is presented. Comparing the most preferred outcomes while relayed by the negotiators needs the use of the info that was gathered to determine whether the outcome will bring common benefits to everyone stakeholder concerned or perhaps not (Aknine, 2012).

This level can also be known as the theory stage because it is like the get-togethers involved add up to analyze the blue designs or styles which they have made and share with one another. There is wonderful need for the very best communication abilities during this stage so that the landscapes and expectations of each party are plainly relayed towards the opposite get together. This also provides the mediators with a chance to be able to body their agendas in such a way that they are in line with the info which they will certainly obtain during this stage (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013).

This stage also provides an opportunity for tuning in carefully about what the opposite get together has, producing the relevant and any necessary inquiries which will be beneficial in the successful completing the negotiation process, producing any annotations so that there is absolutely no any sort of misunderstanding on the outcomes which usually each party expects (Crump, 2011). Furthermore, the use of info stage is important in the settlement process since it allows for the developing of the shared fascination which the functions involved possess relayed to each other and hence move towards an excellent negotiation procedure that is good for all the get-togethers which are involved.

The next stage and stage of the arbitration process requires bidding which is simply the method whereby the parties place their opening or beginning offers for the negotiation desk. This is the stage that is initial and best position that every party gives towards the getting an actual outcome that will be of benefit to all the involved get-togethers (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). At this point, following the negotiators possess known the preferred outcomes for each and every side, that they place their offers towards reaching a and in most cases, the provides differ from the other person hence the requirement to move to a proper position through the ideal position presented (Aknine, 2012).

This stage requires the identification from the agreeable investments on each area which can permit the functions to reach a compromise and finally an agreement. Every party involved considers the various things within their agenda that they can can be able to give away while looking at what they can obtain via each other to enable them to reach a middle surface during the discussion (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013). The use of transact in variables which include the things which the parties deal in and value even though the other party tend not to value, and in addition using the graceful negotiable which in turn refers to the things which each get together does not need and will easily give away but are highly valued by the contrary party (Aknine, 2012).

The various other thing that is certainly done at this point is helping the opposite party to consider the deals that they can be offering and what you uncovered offering so that they can be able to identify easily what is the most ideal position for all the parties. Apart from figuring out the acceptable trades, the negotiators may also engage in producing of conditional proposals to one another as a way of compromise to reach and inviting agreement. The application of words including If youI will. makes part of the conditional proposal that the get-togethers can apply during this level of putting in a bid (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013).

This helps in creating a positive idea involving the parties helping in coming up with an agreement which will benefit all of the parties. During the bidding stage, it is important that the negotiators maintain an open end to the settlement (Crump, 2011). This does not signify every recommendation the opposite party makes is definitely agreeable however they should be accessible to alternatives because may be advised and consider them to come to a considerable agreement. Talks require which the parties needs to be open minded since they are all necessary to make some form of compromise with their bids so that a shared ground is reached that will benefit every one of them (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010).

Keeping an open end allows for the discussion and analysis from the suggestions constructed with regard for the shortcomings plus the advantages that is to be derived in the event the options which have been suggested will be agreed upon. A whole lot of brainstorming is required through the bidding stage and the details which had been gathered previously and the daily activities of each party play an important role in the decision for the bid that will be settled upon by the parties, consequently leading to the very best alternative to a negotiated contract (BATNA) (Liu, & Sharma, 2011).

After the bidding continues to be done and a lot of consultations and discussions done, the get-togethers then proceed to the next step of agreeing for the best bid possible that will bring maximum benefits to all the stakeholders involved (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). The best substitute for a agreed agreement can then be taken and settled upon by the parties which then calls for the commitment of those involved. The negotiators as well as the opposite party must insure themselves the fact that alternative that they can have completed upon brings them shared benefits besides making them cheerful in the long run.

With regards to the kind of arbitration that is getting carried out, there are different ways of closing the deal of the negotiation. This is additionally influenced simply by various factors such as tradition, beliefs, as well as the type of discussion conducted (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). There can be a palm shake to indicate a shutting of a handle a arbitration, signing of contracts, placing your signature to of a memorandum of understanding between the parties, and even the placing of funds in escrow acts as a sign of commitment and good faith towards success from the negotiation.

These kinds of ways of displaying that there is an offer between the celebrations also helps in representing the good hope of the arbitrator peacemaker and the celebrations that they are focused on follow through with the agreement for the final detail (Crump, 2011). Another way of demonstrating that there is a deal which has been come to between the settling parties can be through making public press releases either in form of pr release, or even a presentation with all the parties present by meeting which can be important. This can help in providing credence to the agreement which has been reached (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013).

This kind of stage may involve legal experts by either aspect and the requirements of each get together are evidently outlined as they have decided. It is important at this moment and stage of the settlement that all the facts are plainly outlined and described within a meticulous way of avoiding any disputes in future that may arise resulting from the discussion deal that has been made. A arbitration process would not end together with the closing of a deal between your negotiator and the involved functions, but it also requirements implementation. This kind of forms another stage in the negotiation method (Liu, & Sharma, 2011). After a deal has been settled upon, the parties that happen to be involved need to play their very own part and be sure there is setup of the deal.

This requires the determination of what is to become done through whom in order that they keep all their end from the bargain (Eden, & Kilgour, 2010). At this stage is in which flaws and errors, if perhaps any, will be discovered and dealt with consequently. This may result in the reopening of the deal intended for fresh talks, or the negotiation of the problems which occur through a court of law, mediators or even arbitrators, with regards to the most efficient and cost effective the parties may see necessary (Hiam, & Lewicki, 2013).

In this stage of implementation, addititionally there is the need for producing a followup on the side of every party to see how the deal is certainly going and whether there is any issue that each party needs to address for the success of the agreement which has been reached. Negotiations come about every day inside the live of human beings whether it is politically focused, economically or perhaps socially oriented. Human beings have to make bargain when settling and be open minded during the complete process in order that a common agreement can be reached.

The stages of negotiation if followed closely and meticulously, there are excessive chances which the end results from the negotiation procedure will always be good. However , it has to be taken into account that with respect to the situation which requires settlement, the stages and levels that will be engaged may vary. This will likely also be based upon the get-togethers who are involved in the settlement process. The key important indicate be observed with regard to negotiation is that, to get there into a successful negotiation process, the principles of fairness, ensuring that good relationships are made and managed, and aiming to achieve a prevalent and common benefit for any has to be seen throughout the whole process. Sources Aknine, S i9000. (2012).

A Multi-Agent Unit for Overlapping Negotiations. Group Decision & Negotiation, 21(6), 747-790. Crump, L. (2011). Negotiation Process and Discussion Context. Worldwide Negotiation, 16(2), 197-227.

Eden, C., & Kilgour, D. M. (2010). Handbook of Group Decision and Discussion. Berlin: Springer Netherland. Hiam, A., & Lewicki, L. J. (2013).

Mastering business negotiation: A working guide to producing deals and resolving discord. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass. Liu, A., & Sharma, M. (2011).

How to Attain Preferred Outcomes Through Channel Conflict Negotiation. Journal Of Marketing Channels, 18(2), 103-121.

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