Review of Related Literature and Studies Essay

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Becoming always within class and achieving to school punctually are two of the crucial identifying factors of any student’s accomplishment, not just as being a student but as a person who will probably be managing his/her own life in the future. Given the importance penalized punctual, this study aims to explore and find out the factors that impact the punctuality of UP learners. In this section, we will be speaking about about the setting of our study.

It includes facts about tardiness, the several factors that produces it and its particular effect towards the students because students and as bearer that belongs to them lives in the future. From reliable research materials like on the web journals and research documents, we can provide some information and theories from experts, teachers and notable persons in order to have a concrete justification of our analyze. First, all of us will give a definition of tardiness and present some theories and details of it. Up coming, we will certainly discuss this individual various factors that causes the students to come to school late, the psychological ideas, the statement of the teachers and the personal reasons in the students.

Lastly, the effects of tardiness to college students, not just to himself/herself but also to his/her future and to others, will be talked about. One of the most continual and the many “frustrating problem” that the educational institutions are having with the students at present is tardiness (Sprick and Daniels, 2007). It creates concerns, not just to the students nevertheless also towards the teachers (Cowan Avenue Grammar school Community, 2007, para 1). Cowan Crier, the official College Publication of CAESC, also states that although having “occasional tardy” isn’t a big deal, unfailing tardiness is and it gives students complications including getting ill-prepared for the job industry.

According to the effects of the research of the U. S. Section of Education on “truancy”, which is related to tardiness, getting present and on time in likely to school are big elements on the “success and behavior” of the college students (Zeiger, 2010, para 1). Thus, it is just a lot important to value some practice staying on time while being a scholar. According to CAESC (2007) and Tabelle (2010), the most essential learning time of the afternoon for the students lies in a period of time, specifically among 8: 00 to 9: 30 WAS.

It is because the students are many mindful and observant currently of the day. Additionally it is the reason why the main lessons and subject things are mentioned during this time. So when students are overdue or are certainly not present during this period of the day, they will, in effect, miss out a lot of the important lessons to be known and discovered.

In the book mentioned by Santillano, “Never always be late again: 7 cures for the punctually challenged”, the author Diana DeLonzor suggested that some personality traits may most likely cause a person being typically late. A few of the traits included were “struggling with do it yourself control”, “feeling nervous or perhaps uncomfortable with social situations” and “getting distracted easily” (para 4). Santillano also discussed about the study done by DeLonzor at San Francisco State University in 1997 in which she surveyed 225 respondents of their habits that produces them later from their visits.

It was the test on the personalities in the respondents that affect their very own habits. According to the results of DeLonzor’s analyze, those respondents that were generally tardy likely to be anxious and gets distracted easily. Nakpodia and Dafiaghor attribute lateness or tardiness to a lot of elements or triggers. Going overdue to pickup bed and waking up late subsequent morning are the most common.

The authors added film-watching past due at night as being a cause for tardiness. The student may forget that he/she should be in school in the morning. The distance between student’s house and college or entirely the school’s location is also considered by simply Nakpodia and Dafiaghor as a possible cause for tardiness. Not just since it takes additional time to get to school, but in line with the authors, students is vunerable to more disruptions and inconveniences along the way. Parent’s untimely duties and directions are also reasons that college students come past due to school.

Chronic tardiness can even be learned from the other members of the family, especially from the old ones. Deficiency of a firm and consistent policy on being on time also promotes students to come late at institution since you will find no outcomes attached to lateness or tardiness. These factors behind tardiness will certainly lead to severe effects.

Another study was your one carried out by Enamiroro Oghuvbu in Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to determine what causes the absenteeism and lateness among the supplementary students in Nigeria and to seek for approaches to the growing problem. Relating to Oghuvbu (2008), woman students are more likely to be past due than men students due to “their participation in domestic activities by their parents” (para 7). As well, as cited by Oghuvbu, “distance to school, school discipline, family background school location” (Emore, 2005) are some of the common causes to get the tardiness of the supplementary students. Oghuvbu collected the information from a sample size of 18, 417 Nigerian respondents by 2005-2006.

The sample was made up of twenty principals and 50 each from a couple of teachers, father and mother and college students. The ways of collecting data was through a thirty-item questionnaire liable by possibly strongly agree (SA), decided (A), disagree (D), and strongly disagreed (SD). The questionnaire experienced four queries, one of which has been about the causes of lateness among the list of secondary registrants of Nigeria. The analysis revealed that the causes of lateness among the list of secondary college students in Nigeria were “going late to bed because of watching videos and residence movies, ensuing into get up late the next day, distance to varsity and keeping friends who also are not students” (Oghuvbu, 2008).

These outcomes went consistent with the results of Oghuvbu’s research studies which in turn proves that tardiness between students have been completely a growing difficulty and that it can be caused, not only because of the college students but likewise because of the not enough imposing willpower from the father and mother. Another exploration partly examined about tardiness but handled a specific explanation or factor. A study simply by Pimentel and Quijada (2011) focused on the frequency useful by the UP Cebu freshmen students of Facebook or myspace and part of the study discussed about the result of the popular social networking web page to UP Cebu students’ punctuality and academic efficiency.

For their research, Pimentel and Quijada collected 60 respondents and offered them with questionnaires. The forms contained queries that question the participants about their use of Facebook as well as its effects. A specific question asked the participants if late-night use of Facebook has an effect on their very own punctuality.

Based on the results in the study, three out of 60 participants are always past due, eight explained they are sometimes late, doze said they may be seldom late and thirty seven said that that they never get late because of late-night make use of Facebook. Generally, the effects showed that the respondents will be seldom past due in class as a result of late-night usage of the social networking site. Ledoux, as cited by Pimentel and Quijada, said that lack of sleep . causes nerve organs malfunctions and additional affects a person’s tendencies.

In the study’s case, it is just a student’s punctuality that is affected. Sometimes, not necessarily solely the students’ fault why they keep on being late in coming to course. Another component that could impact the punctuality of the student may be the response from the teachers to tardy students. Sprick and Daniels (2007) stated the fact that range of the teachers’ response was “from ignoring them to sending these to office” (p. 21).

This variation could lead the scholars to distress as to how important it is to land on time in gonna class. One more is the not enough motivation. Students who come to school on time are generally not given incentives or advantages.

Also, reactions to tardiness are lax, that is nothing is done until the tenth strike or more. Another reason is “giving the student the impression that they can won’t become missing anything if they happen to be late” seeing that in some classes, no essential activities or perhaps instructions with no lessons happen to be being done intended for first few moments. Lastly, populated hallways created traffic, thus blocking the way of other pupils and so that it is hard to enable them to pass through.

Knowing the possible associated with lateness or tardiness, it is necessary for solutions to be carried out. Studies include revealed that these students with “perfect or near-perfect attendance” have good grades when compared with those students who misses classes often and late-comers (Cowan Avenue Elementary School Community, 2007, afin de 3). Moreover, as mentioned by simply Zeiger (2010), the comes from the study report executed by educators show that students with high tardiness rates include “higher costs of suspension and other disciplinary measures” (National Center intended for Education Statistics Indicators of faculty Crime and Safety [NCESISCS] (2007)). In addition, it causes the students to have behavioral problems and drop out.

Last but not least, Zeiger (2010) stated that “Students who also are frequently tardy to school are usually more more likely to be terminated from work for showing up late” (para 5). A report conducted simply by Barbara Lee Weade upon 2004 attempted to “determine if perhaps school tardiness is a predictor of work tardiness” (Weade, 2004). It supplied a lot of literature that observes correlations and elements affecting a student’s tardiness.

As mentioned by Weade, the 3rd most popular cause for the failure of your student can be “excessive tardiness and unexcused absences” (Ligon and Knutson, 1988).  “Inconsistency of school rules” (Britt, 1988) and conditions such as “crowded halls, limited opportunities for social connection, irrelevant course content, and teacher indifference” (Damico ain al., 1990) are also elements that influence a student’s attendance and punctuality. As i have said by Weade, personal ideals, financial security and lack of parental advice (Payne, 2001) as well as family background (Featherstone et ing., 1992) influence tardiness and absences of students. Weade gathered data from the colleges of engaging students.

To start with, she asked consent from the students and their parents to acquire permission to collect their college records. Your woman collected and studied the attendance and punctuality information of these college students based on the quantity of unexcused defaut and moments of tardiness. Her study showed that among high school students, the grade point average is linked to absences and tardiness.

Which means that students with better attendance and punctuality have higher grade point averages and vis-à-vis. Her study was also capable to show that attendance and punctuality of students are certainly not consistent all year round. There were more absences and tardiness in the latter part of the season.

Gender has also shown to be a nonfactor inside the attendance and punctuality of high school pupils. The study was very complete in its subject material. It takes up not just school tardiness but its implications upon work tardiness. It demonstrates “students who also are on-time for college classes are likewise likely to be on-time at work when students who also are tardy frequently in school probably will also be tardy at work” (Weade, 2004). The study takes a lot of info but Weade was able to collect a sufficient quantity.

Though some possible correlations were not established, it is outside of the scope of the research. Because tardiness have been giving unwanted effects on the college students nowadays, the most important thing to do is always to develop a firm, consistent and functional coverage that tackles late college students. There must be described sanctions and penalties intended for late pupils.

Nakpodia and Dafiaghor (2011) stated that school managers must business lead by example. They should be punctual in their own meetings and classes in order to avoid students to think that getting late is just alright seeing that even the respected persons are doing it. They should as well train it and integrate it in every lessons. The effort around the remedy about lateness or tardiness would not start and end with the school.

It should begin with the parents of the college students and the authorities must participate as well. Travel must be superior in order to avoid learners getting caught up in traffic or coming across other hurdles down the roadways. Some universities have already started out finding solutions that would properly minimize and eliminate tardiness among pupils. One of the solutions made by a few schools can be implementing tardiness policies, in which they take measures in approaching the scholars and parents so they can solve the challenge.

CAESC has their own policy worked this way. Different schools initiated interdisciplinary curriculum that combines discipline and conduct in academics. Cordogan (as offered by Weade, 2004), stated that a school in Chicago, The state of illinois adapted an identical curriculum and yielded results. Students underneath the interdisciplinary plan exhibited better behaviors coming from students certainly not from the program. Interdisciplinary learners showed less absences and tardiness, as well as higher degrees.

Other universities made more compact academic changes such as growing personality works and cooperative learning activities, such as creation of portfolios and guide to young students. These taught the scholars better goal-setting, decision making abilities and period management. In exchange, students under these habit modification programs yielded fewer tardiness and higher degrees. To summarize, many studies have shown the issues and elements that may help the tardiness of a student.

One of many mentioned reasons of tardy students was waking up overdue in the morning, that may also be caused by late-night actions, such as social media, watching films and television shows, as well as untimely academic and domestic tasks. As verified by several studies, occasionally, it’s not also the act of the student leading to his or her tardiness. The heavy traffic, the professors, the school area and plans may also function as influences to the tardiness of students.

Many investigations have also proven the effects of tardiness on the college students, the teachers, the school plus the society. Relating to these studies, the tardiness of a student consumes his or her learning period as well as disturbs other college students and teachers. The tardy student as well poses as being a threat towards the school as an educational and specialist institution plus the student is usually the fewer productive users of the contemporary society. A lot of studies as well gave tales to powerful remedies on tardiness. These studies promoted incorporation of individuality development and interdisciplinary courses into institution curriculum to assist students improve positive behavior and character leading to the decrease of tardiness.

Our analyze intends to learn the tardiness of UP Cebu learners and the factors and elements that may effect this tardiness.

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