Literature and Journalism Essay

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American Heritage Book of English language Language 4th Edition.

Nyc Houghton 2009. American Historical past New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy Third edition Ny Houghton Mifflin Co. 06\ Glencoe Materials; The Readers Decision Columbus Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2003 Hudson, W. They would An Introduction to the Study of Literature. Harrap 1963 Ousby, I. Cambridge Guide to Literary works in British Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1996.


OGONYA REG. NO .: PG/MA/063/2009 PRESENTED TO: DR, KITCHE MAGAK DAY: NOVEMBER, 2009. MASENO INTRO Literature and journalism are two types that are interrelated and intertwined because books borrows intensely from journalism and writing borrows intensely from literature as well.

Sometimes it gets troublesome distinguishing books from journalism, more so with all the emergence of narrative journalism. According to Oxford Advanced Learners Book, literature identifies pieces of writing that are highly valued as works of art, especially novels, plays and poems (in contrast to technical books and newspaper publishers, magazines, and so forth ). A similar dictionary identifies journalism because the work of collecting and writing news stories to get newspapers, magazines, radio or perhaps television. From this paper, an effort is going to be made to show the distinctions between materials and journalism. Differences among Literature and Journalism.

The between materials and journalism can be seen through the definitions in the two genres where materials is defined as pieces of writing that are respected as functions of art. Art refers to the use of imagination to show ideas or feelings (Hornby, 2005). The key word is definitely imagination. Which means that in literary works, language is used creatively using a lot of creativeness in expressing ideas. Literary works has been described as a mirror from the society and it shows the events in that society.

The reflections more often than not depend on the type of the mirror, if concave or perhaps convex. Consequently, literature can easily distort fact. Journalism, the work of collecting and writing news stories to get newspapers, magazines, radio or perhaps television, on the other hand, is a photo of the world.

What we observe is what we have since journalism is papier. Mikkel Hivid has offered some guidelines on the difference between journalism and literature. In this paper most of the differences employed will be from a conventional paper he shown entitled Fiction, Facts and Storytelling and Roy Philip Clarke’s article: Between Simple fact and Fiction: Navigating Treacherorous Waters.

Initial, Hvid says that the difference between literature and journalism is characterized by more the difference among fact and fiction. The 2 genres will vary expressions, diverse criteria to get the truth and relevance and different priorities. Journalism must be true but writers of fictional are allowed to lie.

In literary works, the diction is characterized by the use of literary techniques just like imagery, personification, irony, accommodement, sarcasm, similes and so on. These are generally used to make the message being communicated to become brought out better. The language or perhaps expressions utilized will depend on the writer’s frame of mind towards the subject with which he can attempt to impact the reader; in the event that he hates the subject, he may be sarcastic and the words he uses will be sarcastic or derogatory. This unflattering choice of words is likely to effect the reader to produce a negative frame of mind towards a topic too.

For instance , in Achebe’s book The Trouble with Nigeria, he is highly convinced that the main problem with the country is usually poor leadership. He uses very emotive words. He says; The trouble with Nigeria is simply and squarely a failure of leadership.

There may be nothing quite simply wrong with all the Nigerian figure. There is nothing wrong with the Nigerian terrain or weather or normal water or atmosphere or whatever else. He uses literary techniques like alliteration (simply and squarely), and repetition in the word incorrect to create emphasis. Clarke says that literature and journalism have different conditions for the reality. The integrity of writing indicate the fact that main variation between materials and writing is based on the contents.

Media must present facts- whether or not they are using the genre of narrative journalism or any various other journalistic genre. Journalists have to research their stories (Hvid, 2000). Journalism must be the case whereas copy writers of books are allowed to sit.

What the journalist writes should be true in the sense that it can be documented simply by reference to a named source or genuine circumstances. For instance what Barrack Obama wrote in Dreams from My dad is true and can be documented. It is a story regarding his existence; the places and even persons mentioned in the book are genuine. Fiction writers invent and make up tales. Literature does not have to be true to any outside reality, Hvid adds.

In literature, the setting, personas, events and action are all in the writer’s imagination in as much as they might reflect reality. Sometimes the setting and characters could be out with this world, one example is in stories of fantasy that involves the mention of the unnatural as well as in scientific research fiction. Media must exploration their reports.

Writers of fiction are allowed to add, invent and create their own sides. In his essay, Roy Peter Clarke lists a range of ethical demands on the narrative journalist. You cannot add everything to your history which was not present in fact. This is because the particular truth should be told in journalism.

He adds that you cannot write diverse scenes into one, and you are prohibited to combine a number of true characters into one. You must admiration the time of true events. This is in line with the 5ws of journalism of who, what, where, for what reason, when and just how.

All these must come out noticeably because journalism is truth and not fiction. In fictional, a character or a thing is definitely an archetype. Generally there can only always be one field of an incident and hence cannot be written as one. He says that finally you will find the ethical demand which is probably the most important even if it sounds largely as a sort of request: you have to strive to offer as honest and correct a merchant account of the fact of the fact you describe as possible.

Literary texts can be interpreted in numerous different ways. This is because when different visitors read a text, their very own understanding is usually not the same and often the writer’s intention could possibly be missed. For example, in Jonathan Swift’s composition: A Humble Proposal, the writer, would not intend his proposal of rearing babies for food to be taken actually.

Some of his readers had been very furious at the notion of infanticide and cannibalism. Books as a body system consists of 3 main components (literary history): 1) A body of knowledge 2) A process of exploration 3) An accumulation of skills and techniques. It also consists of four main aspects 1) Creative imagination 2) Useful criticism 3) Literary history 4) Literary theory. There are different hypotheses used to interpret literature.

These kinds of components and theories are being used by fictional analysts to interpret literary texts. In journalism, the text does not automatically require such effort in interpretation. Some text in writing quite often appears in the 1st paragraph with the text the place that the journalist makes the logical summary.

The meaning is direct with no place for model. Literature and journalism will vary ideas of the readers of their readers and what you can demand from their store. Journalism gives readers using a complete deal they can right away relate to. As an example, a magazine headlines basically stating: Envious Man Murders Wife and Lover in Drunken Trend.

This does not need any knowledge of literary criticism and theory to know that drunken jealous guys can easily homicide their girlfriends or wives. Literature visitors, on the other hand, need to interpret and analyse the text to find what it takes for them. This is sometimes a next to impossible process as some fictional texts are readily available in significance and very summary ideas which have been too difficult to decipher. In journalism it is unacceptable to present readers with such a dilemma since readers have got a right to demand a clear message. Significance of the textual content is another area of difference in literature and journalism as there are different criteria used to determine relevance in the two genres.

We go through literature to try out other planets, lives and folks. For example , David Yallop’s book In God’s Name is usually an eye opener into the intrigues of the Catholic Church and exactly how a pope was killed because he was a threat to some bishops who had been perpetrators of your lot of nasty in the house of worship. The significance of that text message comes in when we examine that we find the murder of Pope actually concerned the people at that particular time in history and even thus far. We browse literature to see other planets, lives, and people. We mirror our own hails from those of the characters we meet in literature.

Avenirse said that materials is a meaning force so the characters in literature with which we evaluate our own activities help in building our persona since even as we compare our experiences to theirs all of us gain greater insights into our own lives through what we call experience by simply. We like the character who may be our main character and when that character endures, we suffer with him so when he triumphs over wicked, we observe his triumph. Every personality or going on helps us learn about our lives. The text is true launched true and meaningful to us. Real truth and significance are determined in the getting together with between the target audience and the text message In journalism, we do not examine texts to be able to mirror existence with all those we read about.

The characters do not automatically help us learn about our very own lives. Occasionally there are no main figure with which all of us identify with. Reality is a condition of journalism plus the article should be relevant.

Their relevance is seen when it teaches the readers something new and significant about the earth they reside in. When we read a fictional text, all of us become section of the story; we take sides, laud or condemn a particular personality. In other words, we all read materials for knowledge. As Aristotle recommended, literature provides the visitor with a cathartic effect.

After experiencing literary works, there is purification of hazardous emotions. On the other hand, we read journalism to consider something from it. This is why journalistic articles are news. We have information from journalism.

In literature, reports comprise of two main factors; background and action. There is make use of description of background that is certainly spiced program action. In journalism, storytelling is told with 3 strands. These are background, action and facts as a required component.

The journalist may well add anecdotes to make his story interesting but the most significant ingredient is fact. Finally, there is the utilization of what has become referred to as the frame as well as the content. Creative techniques are used on the frame of the tale or in the introduction leading into the key story even though the story itself is offered as summary or direct quotes. Barrack Obama’s Dreams from my Father is a typical example of a work where this is certainly used. This really is sometimes termed as the inverted pyramid.

From this paper, the differences between Materials and Writing have been reviewed. It has been noticed that the differences between literature and journalism come up because of many factors just like fact or fiction, fact and probability, the relationship between reader as well as the text, the roles of journalism and literature etc. Whereas the two genres are infact distinct, the reality is there is a possibility of te two complimenting and supplementing one another since materials borrows by journalism and journalism borrows from literature and this brings about a abundant mix.

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