Inside the Metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka, and A hundred Years of Solitude, by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the creators use the theme of solitude and seclusion to symbolize freedom. These features free Gregor Samsa plus the town of Macondo, correspondingly, from exterior troubles.
In The Transformation, the protagonist, Gregor Samsa, wakes up 1 morning changed into an insect. Gregor must now cope with this change, as it is going to forever change his lifestyle. Though Gregor does not recognize it to start with, he features actually recently been enslaved by simply his family for some time. He has an absolute, wholehearted sense of obligation intended for his friends and family, as he works hard to the family members debt “with great earnestness”, and dreams of sending his sister, Grete, to learn to learn the violin professionally. His devotion to his relatives reveals just how thoughtful and compassionate he can. However , his family generally does not look at him like a family member, but instead a source of income. Upon his transformation, the family is concerned with how it will affect their finances, rather than his well being. This is exemplified on the morning hours of Gregor’s transformation. It’s the first time he features missed operate five years, and his family’s immediate concern is for his job. Because Gregor is freed from this kind of obligation, he realizes the actual nature of his relatives. The more they isolate themselves from him, the more he knows that they have recently been oppressing him all along. Gregor sooner or later learns to accept the irreversibility of his metamorphosis, and realizes that there is nothing he could carry out except to modify his frame of mind and recognize the alter that has taken place.
We have a strong disproportion of independence and duty throughout the book. Though it is evident that Gregor cannot stand his task, he essentially is limited to it simply by his responsibility to his family: “it was [¦] a requirement of family work to control one’s repulsion and to endure”nothing else, just endure” (Kafka 50). He wants to accomplish his obligation and dreams of the day in which he can finally pay off the family debts. Gregor is pressured and confined to work in a stressful environment for the main benefit of his family:
“The tensions of operate are much greater than the work occurring at hq, and, in addition to that particular, I have to handle the problems of traveling, the worries about train contacts, irregular poor food, momentary and regularly changing human relationships which under no circumstances come from the cardiovascular. ” (Kafka 4)
Independence is obtained in his transformation, but can be cut brief by his family, who continues a feeling of imprisonment. Rather than comforting Gregor, they fasten him inside a room, that they begin to fill up with waste. This room can be a metaphor, symbolizing Gregor’s life in confinement. The garbage that they make the room may represent an incorrect sense of affection that they have given him. Whilst it is true that his transformation has practically dehumanized him, it is also crucial to note the psychological dehumanizing effects that it has on his family. Gregor fails to obtain freedom, for when he is not jailed by his job, he’s imprisoned by his relatives. As it ends up, the only route for Gregor to follow to obtain freedom is in death, in which he is finally isolated by all of his troubles.
Similarly, this town of Macondo in One One hundred year of Solitude are also confined through relationships and the alterations that it brings. Though the new itself characteristics many Biblical allusions, the characters inside the novel are generally not very religious. It is implied that the town of Macondo was a better place when it was separated from arranged religion. Religious beliefs is cared for with very much skepticism throughout the novel, which is illustrated in Jose Arcadio Buendia’s mocking of the local priest. Also, Aureliano Segundo laughs at the idea of his kid wanting to become pope. The novel shows that life in Macondo is better lived with enthusiasm and with couple of restraints. This is certainly exemplified by fact that almost all of the characters inside the novel are uninhibited simply by religious, moral, and sexual values. Consequently , it is intended that seclusion from religious beliefs grants people more liberty.
Other designs of solitude such as personal isolation and geographical remoteness can also be caused by freedom. For long periods of time, the location of Macondo has been cursed with assault between warring Liberals and Conservatives. The very fact that heroes such as Colonel Aureliano Buendia constantly and consistently search for war and reject peace, resulting in bloodshed for the location, reveals that war bounds the town to chaos, instead of isolation approving the town politics freedom. Upon the construction in the railroad, the location of Macondo has now turn into connected to the globe. No longer isolated, it is now susceptible to the evils of capitalist foreigners. These kinds of foreigners oppress the people of Macondo with violence and corrupt this town with materialism. The foreign people create a police that imposes strict rules for those, thereby burning away this town of their freedom.
Though isolation essentially pushes both the community of Macondo and Gregor to their final destruction, it has indefinitely awarded both entities freedoms in various forms. In The Metamorphosis, simply by Franz Kafka, and A hundred Years of Isolation, by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the motif of isolation and seclusion is used to represent freedom, contrary to interaction and the theme of dehumanization and confinement. Gregor Samsa and the community of Macondo essentially obtain freedom inside their demise, isolating themselves by all of their challenges and troubles. In an existentialist point of view, it should be noted that probably true independence cannot be totally achieved right up until death. Consequently , everyone and everything might actually somehow regularly be confined to a thing.
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. Clayton, Delaware: Prestwick House Literary Touchstone Classics, 2005. Print.
GarcÃa MÃ¡rquez, Gabriel. One Hundred Many years of Solitude. New York, New York: Harper Row, Writers, 1970. Produce.
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