As time goes by, Malaysia’s education program undergoes big changes. In 1983, Kurikulum Baru Sekolah Rendah (KBSR) was launched and made some changes to the training system. 10 years later, thier name was changed to Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Rendah (KBSR). At this point, a new curriculum was presented a year ago, 2011 to replace KBSR: Kurikulum Common Sekolah Rendah (KSSR).
KSSR was introduced to reorganize and upgrade the latest curriculum. Adjustments can be evidently seen in the aspect of key areas, programs documentation, program design, programs organization, program content, components and concentrate. In the element of key areas, KBSR focused on three crucial areas: conversation, man and his environment and self-development whereas KSSR aimed at six crucial areas: communication, spiritual, attitude and values, humanitarian, physical and aesthetical development, technology and technology and lastly, physical and personal creation.
KBSR focused only in individuals although KSSR concentrated not only on individuals nevertheless also their surroundings. KSSR’s aim was going to produce healthy individuals. KSSR focused on ideals for personality building throughout the curriculum and co-curriculum.
In curriculum records, KBSR follows the syllabus for instructing materials although KSSR created based on Standard Document which usually consists of Articles Standards which will cover on students’ skills, know-how and pondering and Learning Standards which can be a set of accomplishments which can be assessed for each content material standard. The curriculum design for KBSR is thready which just involves tuning in, speaking, writing and reading whereas to get KSSR is usually modular which involves not only tuning in, speaking, reading and writing but also covers language arts and grammar. In KBSR, level 1 offers Core, Required and additional topics whereas in KSSR, level 1 features Basic Primary Modules, Thematic Core Modules and Optional Modules.
In level a couple of, KBSR applied Core, Mandatory and additional subject matter similar to level 1 while KSSR just implemented Core and Elective subjects. As it can clearly be viewed, in level 1, a new subject is usually introduced: Thematic Core Segments. This new subject matter was brought to reduce the quantity of subjects ingested in level 1 . This module consist styles of the World of Art and World of Technology and Technology.
In the World of Artistry, two subject matter are presented: Visual Arts and Music. In the World of Research and Technology, basic ICT skills are taught. The curriculum content in KBSR only is targeted on listening, browsing, writing, speaking, sound system and grammar in context. KSSR focuses on a similar content nevertheless replaced sound system with phonics. Phonics can be described as more detailed variation of audio system which instructs students the sounds of English specifically.
Three fresh contents are also added: simple literacy which teaches learners the ability to examine and create adequately, penmanship which educates students the best way to hold and use a dog pen or a pad and lastly, language arts which usually exposes learners to poetry and music enabling college students to appreciate and enjoy them as a result, building creative minds in students. Finally, the focus of KBSR is the 3M (membaca, menulis dan mengira) which can be reading, publishing and counting whereas KSSR’s focus is a 4M (membaca, menulis, mengira dan menaakul). KSSR added a new emphasis which is considering. This newly added concentrate helps college students to understand more about what was taught as well as improve their pondering skills.
In conclusion, KSSR is a curriculum which can be student based. This new subjects diminishes Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) which means it truly is less-exam focused and more to project and activity based. This new subjects also is targeted on ICT and independent learning.
KSSR as well aims to strengthen the command of Bahasa Malaysia and English between students. Math concepts and Science subjects are generally in Bahasa Malaysia and English durations have been elevated.
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