K-12 Basic Education Program: Bane Or Boon For National Development? ...

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I actually. Introduction The Philipppine Constitution strongly mandates the right coming from all citizens to quality education at all levels.

Article XIV, Section one particular, explicitly delivers: “The Express shall safeguard and encourage the right of citizens to quality education at all amounts. ” For this reason the biggest finances is given to the Department of Education. Inspite of these constitutional guarantees, current performance indications showed a dismal photo of the top quality of education in the country. Participation rates include worsened, dropout rates continue to be high as well as the Philippines continually perform poorly in the two national and international evaluation tests.

Mentioned previously by the United states senate Education Planning Office (SEPO) published June 11, 2012, it says that, despite efforts by the government for making basic education accessible to all, lack of entry to quality education remains a significant policy concern. The Thailand, a signatory to the Millennium Declaration, features committed to attain the goal of 100 percent net enrollment level by 2015. However , there exists a low probability that this concentrate on will be achieved given the latest trend. According to the Department of Education (DepEd), the congested curriculum is partly the reason for this unsatisfactory situation.

The DepEd said that forcing in ten years a curriculum that is learned by the rest of the world in 12 years continues to be quite a challenge to get both Philippine teachers and students. This kind of simply means the Philippines can be apprehensive that objectives of the Philipppine Education in terms of accessibility to quality education in order to contend with worldwide demand wouldn’t be achieved. This for that reason is the reason why it needs to look for measures of appointment expectations. Structured from the SEPO report, access to education is usually unequal, with all the poor having significantly reduce participation costs than the nonpoor. In 3 years ago, the non-poor had an elementary participation charge of 91.

8 percent, while for the poor, it was simply 85. being unfaithful percent. The disparity worsened in the extra level when the participation level of the poor dived to 51. 4 percent because against the non-poor’s 76. 5 percent.

Looking at the gender dimension, boys have got lower contribution rates than girls in all year level. Net primary participation rates have actually declined coming from 90. 1 percent in 2002 to 88.

1 percent in 2010. Fewer kids of school age group proceed to high school and an even smaller amount pursue college education. Results of the 2008 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS) demonstrated that out-ofschool youth with ages 6th to 15 years old do not enroll in school mainly because: (1) they will lack interest (35.

0%), (2) that they find the price of education large (18. 7%), and (3) they consider themselves too young to visit school (16. 2%). It has to be taken into account that as the age cohort gets older (16 to twenty four years old), the need to try to find work and the high cost of education become the main factors because of not going to university. The poor top quality of education is also shown in the country’s low results in countrywide assessment assessments.

Although suggest percentage ratings (MPS) in the National Accomplishment Test (NAT) have generally improved in Net general participation price is defined as the portion of the phone number correctly clarified items plus the total number of test questions. The NAT is an annual examination implemented to public and private college students throughout the country to determine their achievement level, pros and cons in key subject areas. As being a response to this problem, the DepEd was pushing for the passage of your law, Republic Act Number 10533, technically signed by President Sereno Aquino last May 12-15, 2013 normally known as Increased Basic Education Act of 2013 or maybe the K to 12 Simple Education Programme, a system that got at least five years to finally implement.

In other words the constant deterioration with the quality of education in the Philippines provides prompted the DepEd to push for these kinds of implementation in the K to 12 program. The question of whether it be a bane or a boon? Inside the recent times even at this point in time that the rendering of K-12 has commenced a warmed debate and argumentation specifically among those affected groupings on if the K-12 rendering as a significant educational change could lead to advancements ( a boon) or maybe to worsen the present condition of education in the country ( a bane).

II. KEY BODY OF WORKING NEWSPAPER Looking at the situation of our educational system, there really is a need for the drastic change in order to have it really transformed into one that would really be responsive to the purpose of producing worldwide competent graduates and fix the perrenial problems in the Philippine Educational System. “[Sa K-12] tinitiyak nating sapat at kapaki-pakinabang ang kasanayang naibabahagi social fear ating mga mag-aaral (With K-12 we could making sure that enough and valuable skills will be being imparted to our students), ” the President says.

The additional two years after fourth year high school are intended to further hone the abilities and talents of learners for their selected career path in arts and sports, technological vocational, entrepreneurship or tertiary education Various schools in the country have to buckle up to cope with the demands because they have already been contending globally even before the passing of the legislation. And in order to satisfy the global requirements, the schools need to face the challenges that come with the T to 12 program execution. Now that it may be a regulation, schools from coast to coast have to brace for the implementation and the effects of the K to 12 system.

However , you will find too many techniques and praises that hound this new law. Exactly why is K to 12 necessary? ( Adapted from DepEd Policy Briefs, SEPO) 1 . To decongest the subjects. According to the DepEd, while the E to 12is not the answer to all the ills from the Philippine educational system, it will address one of its main weaknesses—the congested subjects.

The DepEd explained which the students happen to be hardpressed to master in a decade a program that is in fact designed for more than a decade in other countries. Consequently, Filipino college students are not able to obtain comprehension and mastery, particularly of key. Perhaps the many damning proof of this is the consequence of the 2008 FLEMMS, which in turn revealed that 19 percent of elementary participants are not functionally literate (Action for Monetary Reforms and E-NET, 2008). Functional literacy means a person can read, write, compute and comprehend. installment payments on your To prepare the scholars for degree. From the DepEd’s assessment, supplementary graduates in the current system are not properly prepared for college.

They pointed out that because of this , most of the courses, the alleged General Education subjects, used by first 12 months college students are actually remedial as it should have already been mastered in high school graduation. With T to doze, students will probably be better prepared as initial courses which have been currently trained at the tertiary level will probably be included in the high school graduation curriculum. three or more. To prepare the students for the labor industry.

According to the DepEd, with the 10-year basic education cycle, college students usually graduate from high school beneath 18 years old, too fresh to legally join the labor force or perhaps putup a business that will include them to access contracts. The DepEd said that E to 12 will empower them to with certainty join the labor industry as by the time they graduate student they are previously of legal age and equipped with satisfactory skills. 4. To adhere to the global requirements.

At present, participants who wish to work abroad are at a disadvantage because they are not immediately recognized as pros while learners who submit an application for postgraduate studies often have to enrol in or consider remedial courses to meet the entrance requirements of the foreign country. As an example, the Washington Accord authorized in 1989 prescribes 12 years of basic education as a requirement for the recognition of engineering professionals. Likewise, the Bologna Accord of 1999 requires 12 years of education pertaining to university entry and practice of occupation in Countries in europe.

How will E to doze be applied? The K to 12 model recommended by the DepEd is the K-6-4-2 model. Including one year of kindergarten, half a dozen years of general education (Grades 1 to 6), several years of jr . high (Grades 7 to 10) and two years of senior substantial (Grades 14 to 12). Under E to doze, the official college age intended for kindergarten can be five years of age, 6 to 11 years old for primary (Grades you to 6), 12 to 15 years old for junior excessive (Grades six to 10), and 18 to seventeen years old intended for senior substantial (Grades 10 to 12). kindergarten will probably be made obligatory starting this SY 2011-2012. A new subjects for Grade 1 and first-year pupils beginning SY 2012-2013 will be devised.

Senior high, alternatively, will be presented starting SY 2016-2017. Simply by SY 2018- 2019, almost all students could have already completed 12 years of basic education before they will enter university. Specialization paths The DepEd explained that those who aren’t inclined to venture to college and wish to pursue technical-vocational courses or perhaps entrepreneurial domains stand to benefit from T to doze as well. The High School Connect Program remains to be open pertaining to schools who have think that it really is still required but presently no university implements the said program. Surveys of positivists thoughts are widely circulated in the internet, televisions in addition to various printing media as well as papers today especially ahead of implementation of the K TO 12.

To cite several: – Vehicle Carlo Yacob, student coming from Fort Bonifacio National High School Initially, I possess doubts concerning this. I thought this may be an added expense. But now We, the Creciente and Vice Mayor believe.

In our individual little method, we’re gonna help. We wish to promise all out support. I would always be one of the supporters. – Councilor Jennilyn Sison, Urdaneta town It is not surprising for these cited comments by many people after have already been given positive explanation regarding K-12. It can be but all-natural that when you want to sell something we will always publicize good of it. Looking at its goal as a change is really a wise decision.

It could seriously give masses the chance to avail of opportunities for employability. Concerning its content and purpose it is always leading forward to a much improved existence of the very best majority of Filipino youths intended for employament and exploration of their particular talents and capabilities in neuro-scientific work. Visioning it in advance would present a good promise for the better. However, during the course of rendering, I think it truly is where the difficulty now is believed.

Some are sample citations of problems that came along at the start and would probably arrive as system implementation advances: A spend of money to get the number of trainings that have been undergone by teachers. While observed in the most recent trainings of Grade I actually and Level 7 educators they experienced inconveniences in the venues and the holiday accommodation. The budget pertaining to the exercising were pressurized such that teachers suffer difficulty to the level that they performed get much less out of what were supposed to be grabbed from the training. The big question…Was the budget properly been able?

The teachers went home with less ideas about where to get the needed elements. School heads were also of less help the educators because these were oriented after than the teachers. Although advocates explained how a budget for gonna college would be minimized with the K-12 Software but on the part of the students and parents they will experience also the outcomes due to the distance of the college where they can be to spend for his or her senior high school because not all excessive schools or perhaps colleges near them offer the vocational-technical training course they opt to enroll in. They have to look for this sort of in a even farther away school/college.

Another serious problem that will be found is for the number of schools to accommodate the voc-tech student enrollees. Can the selected school/s be ready to allow for the many enrollees especially that it can be proposed that for every province one or two be made to offer for a particular voc-tech training course. How prepared? If there is a saying they are? Again, granting that it would be correctly planned and estimated, how ready will be the schools pertaining to the features they are to use in order that such training facilities could match or perhaps compete with the actual ones employed in the global industrial market?

Might there be chances intended for the damaged people in large scale procurements related to this kind of K to 12 setup? Another difficulty that would be unavoidable is the query on if the instructors pertaining to the professional and technical field has got the competence and expertise that will truly manage to impart the high quality instruction to the students to compete with the global demand? The next matter that concerns our head with this K-12 setup is the space of couple of years when each of our HEI’s don’t have enrollees.

Will this not influence many of the non-public and general public institutions? What lengths can the government redress this problem to be able to effect minimal setbacks to them?. headed by simply leaders that will not be so distributed with the software?. Many of our lawmakers are owners, if certainly not corporators of big private colleges. This will surely have an effect on their business programming especially on the merging of colleges or the combination of colleges within areas to offer particular courses. This really would largely influence CHED to where personal schools are supposed to be.

Would that they opt for basic welfare more than their own interest? Tuition prices for tertiary education will certainly further hike as the government’s K to doze will also mean abandonment for tertiary education. The E to doze also should create less costly, more ‘exploitable’ labor.

The program ensures for making more ‘semi-skilled’ youths enter the labor force as soon as 18 years of age, which will make the unemployment issue worse. The web effect will probably be lower wages for personnel and finally, an strike on labor and income. This program is going to further subject our youth adults to fermage by international monopolies as cheap, slave labor. “There is large opposition against K-12, especially as it obviously failed during its first and second year rendering.

Students, instructors, parents and administrators are against the software. ” (Crisostomo, Anakbayan Chairperson) III. Summary The K-12 Program since framed is actually a really a boon, that is if perhaps one would be very upbeat about it. This software would be providing them with opportunities to gain technical and vocational skills that the globe highly requirements today. There would be more benefits to gain than not for each of our students. This would be attained naturally if the authorities through the leaders will be serious to have it applied according to its features as designed and equipped with enough fight gear for the success of it is implementation.

Yet , this would be a bane in the event they will be weak to assume and provide measures in order to be able to redress what ever possible problems that will come along especially that this K-12 Plan is affecting not only a few and a handful of persons but the very best majority particularly the country’s pillars who are the young ones. If this program would be a bane or boon it depends on the leading characters who will make their machineries work. REFERENCES/BIBLIOGRAPHY 4. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cagayan-de-oro/local-news/2013/05/26/k-12-beneficial-or-scourge-284209

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