Higher education in the USA Essay

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Faktorami, opredelyayuschimi yavlyaetsya li uchrezhdenie odnim iz luchshih, ili odnim iz menee prestizhnyh, yavlyayutsya: kachestvo obucheniya fakul’tetov, kachestvo oborudovaniya dlya issledovanij, uroven’ finansirovaniya bibliotek, special’nyh programm, i t. deb., a takzhe kompetentnost’ we chislo pretendentov na priem, to est’ naskol’ko dannoe uchrezhdenie svobodno v vybore studentov. Vse `eti faktory dopolnyayut drug druga. Voobsche v Soedinennyh SHtatah priznano, chto est’ bolee i menee predpochtitel’nye uchrezhdeniya dlya obucheniya my spouse and i polucheniya vysshego obrazovaniya.

Bolee predpochtitel’nye uchrezhdeniya obychno, simply no ne vsegda, yavlyayutsya bolee dorogostoyaschimi, i actually okonchanie odnogo iz nih mozhet prinesti znachitel’nye preimuschestva, poskol’ku kazhdyj chelovek ischet vozmozhnost’ zanyatosti i social’nuyu podvizhnost’ versus predelah obschestva. Konkurs mhh postuplenie sixth is v takoj kolledzh pobuzhdaet milliony starsheklassnikov sdavat’ SAT kazhdyj god. Zero nedavno akcent na vstupitel’nyh `ekzamenah shiroko kritikovalsya sixth is v Soedinennyh SHtatah, potomu chto `ekzameny pozvolyayut opredelit’ kompetentnost’ v matematike i anglijskom yazyke.

V zaschituispol’zovaniya  `ekzamenov kak kriteriev pri postuplenii, rukovoditeli mnogih universitetov govoryat, chto ispol’zovanie SAT pozvolyaet spravedlivo reshit’, kogo prinyat’, kogda imeetsya 10 ili 12 pretendentov na odno mesto. Mogut li kolledzhi i universitety Ameriki osnovyvat’sya na ih rezul’tatah? Priblizitel’no 12 millionov studentov v nastoyaschee vremya poseschayut shkoly vysshego obrazovaniya v Amerike.

Oni – studenty sixth is v obschestve, kotoroe verit sixth is v svyaz’ mezhdu obrazovaniem my spouse and i demokratiej. Odnako, mnozhestvo amerikancev ne udovletvoreny sostoyaniem vysshego obrazovaniya v ih strane. Vozmozhno, naibolee shiroko rasprostranennoe nedovol’stvo vyzyvaet uchebnyj plan kolledzha v celom we shirokij diapazon dopolnitel’nyh zanyatij v chastnosti. V seredine 80-yh godov proshlogo veka Associaciya Amerikanskih Kolledzhej (AAC) vypustila doklad, v kotorom prizyvala t prepodavaniyu bazovoj chasti obschih znanij vsem studentam kolledzha.

Nacional’nyj Institut Obrazovaniya (NIE) vypustil podobnyj zhe doklad- “Uchastie versus obuchenii”. Versus svoem doklade NIE zaklyuchil, chto uchebnyj plan kolledzha stal “chrezmerno professional’no-tehnicheskim i actually svyazannym t rabotoj”. Versus nem takzhe preduprezhdaetsya, chto obrazovanie kolledzha bol’she nenni mozhet razvivat’ v studentah “razdelennye cennosti i znaniya”, chto tradicionno svyazyvayut Amerikancev vmeste.

Ser’eznoe obvinenie. Dejstvitel’no li `eto tak? V nekotoroj stepeni na dannyj moment `eto vozmozhno. Konechno, nekotorye studenty zakanchivayut svoe obuchenie bez kursa po Zapadnoj Civilizacii, ne upominaya drugie mirovye kul’tury.

Drugie ostavlyayut kolledzh, ne izuchiv nauku ili pravitel’stvo. Versus otvet, mnogie kolledzhi nachali peresmatrivat’ osnovnoj uchebnyj strategy, s kotorym vse studenty dolzhny spravlyat’sya. `Eti problemy – priznak togo, chto vysshee obrazovanie v Amerike menyaetsya, kak `eto imelo mesto vsegda v ego istorii. We, kak sixth is v proshlom, `eto izmenenie mozhet idti v neozhidannyh napravleniyah. Puritane osnovyvali kolledzhi, chtoby obuchat’ ministrov. No ih studenty proyavili sebya kak osnovopolozhniki pervoj v mire konstitucionnoj demokratii.

Kolledzhi predostavleniya zemli byli osnovany, chtoby prepodavat’ sel’skoe hozyajstvo i actually proektirovanie stroitelyam Amerikanskogo Zapada. Segodnya, mnogie iz `etih kolledzhej yavlyayutsya veduschimi shkolami v nauchno-issledovatel’skom mire. Amerikancy vsegda delali stavku bist du “sozdanie sistemnoj raboty”. Oni imeyut osobo veskie prichiny dlya vypolneniya `etogo versus oblasti obrazovaniya.

Lyudi v Soedinennyh SHtatah segodnya stalkivayutsya s vazhnymi voprosami: “CHto yavlyaetsya nadlezhaschej rol’yu Ameriki kak strany s samoj staroj sixth is v mire konstitucionnoj demokratiej; h samoj bol’shoj `ekonomikoj; yavlyayuschejsya pervoj yadernoj derzhavoj? ” Amerikancy uvazhayut svoe pravo vyrazit’ mnenie po vsem `etim problemam. No lyudi Soedinennyh SHtatov takzhe gluboko osoznayut, chto takie problemy dolzhny rassmatrivat’sya v komplekse. CHtoby prinimat’ uchastie versus novyh voznikayuschih problemah, bol’shinstvo amerikancev chuvstvuet, chto oni nuzhdayutsya vo vsej informacii, kotoruyu oni mogut poluchit’. Kolledzhi i actually universitety – naibolee vazhnye centry takogo izucheniya.

I actually nezavisimo ot togo, chto mogut trebovat’sya usovershenstvovaniya, ih buduschee polnost’yu garantiruetsya amerikanskoj zhazhdoj progressa i horoshej informirovannosti. Fakticheski, sleduyuschej zadachej amerikanskogo obrazovaniya mozhet stat’ tendenciya dlya lyudej prodolzhit’ ih obrazovanie v kolledzhe – dlya dal’nejshej zhizni. Slovar’.

A Accept – Prinimat’ Defines – Dostigat’ Accomplishment – Vypolnenie Accounts – Schet Adequate – Adekvatnyj Entrance – Dopusk Admitted – Dopuschennyj Edge – Preimuschestvo Agriculture – Sel’skoe hozyajstvo. Amount – Kolichestvo Consumer – Pretendent Application – Zayavlenie Connection of American Colleges(AAC) – Associaciya Amerikanskih Kolledzhej Available – Dostupnyj Conscious – Znaya B Bachelor’s degree – Stepen’ Bakalavra Be both – Byt’ takzhe Beyond – Vne Bond – Obyazatel’stvo C Certainly – Konechno Community – Soobschestvo Competition – Sorevnovanie Proficiency – Kompetentnost’ Complete – Polnyj Contain – Vklyuchit’ Condition – Uslovie(sostoyanie) Include – Soderzhat’ Conversely – Naoborot Pricey – Dorogostoyaschij Criticized – Kritikuemyj Currently – Sixth is v nastoyaschee vremya Curriculum – Uchebnyj prepare D. Require – Trebovanie Democracy – Demokratiya Attractive – ZHelatel’nyj Determining – Opredelenie Distinction – Razlichie Duration – Prodolzhitel’nost’ At the Elective – Izbiratel’nyj Emphasis – Akcent Employment – Zanyatost’ Similar prestige – Ravnyj prestizh “Excessively professional and work-related” – ” CHrezmerno professional’no- tehnicheskij i actually svyazannyj h rabotoj ” Exist – Suschestvovat’ G Graduate – Diplomirovannyj expert Government – Pravitel’stvo H Higher education – Vysshee obrazovanie I Impression – Vpechatlenie Independent – Nezavisimyj Selection interviews – Interv’yu Issued – Vypuschennyj T Lead – Liderstvo.

Bulk – Bol’shinstvo Master’s degree – Stepen’ mastera Evaluate – Mera Mention – Upominanie Simply – Je jednostavno Might – Mog by N Nationwide Institute of Education(NIE) – Nacional’nyj Institut Obrazovaniya Elemental power – YAdernaya derzhava O Offer – Predlozhenie Obtain – Poluchit’ Viewpoints – Mneniya Opportunities – Vozmozhnosti Outstanding – Vydayuschijsya P Shateringly – Gluboko Particular – Specificheskij(osobennyj) Percent – Procent Perhaps – Vozmozhno Proper – Nadlezhaschij Provide – Obespechit’ General public – Gosudarstvennyj(obschestvennyj) Puritans – Puritane Exclusive – CHastnyj R Get – Poluchit’. Recently – Nedavno Acknowledged – Priznannyj Recommendations – Rekomendacii Regard – Otnoshenie Reinforce – Ukrepit’ Esteem – Uvazhenie S Acceptable – Udovletvoritel’nyj Satisfied – Udovletvorennyj Seek – Iskat’ Similar – Podobnyj Merely – Je jednostavno Scholars – Uchenye Medical research – Nauchnoe issledovanie Social range of motion – Social’naya mobil’nost’ Accomplishment – Uspeh T Traditional bind – Tradicionno svyazyvayut “The shared values and knowledge” – ” Razdelennye cennosti my spouse and i znanie ” Q Top quality of research facilities – Kachestvo sredstv obsluzhivaniya issledovaniya W Whether – Li Widespread – SHiroko rasprostranennyj.

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