Counseling – Ethical Problem – Case Study
A 17-year-old Jewish girl student advises a counselor that the girl went to a party last weekend with an African-American 17-year-old boy, and ended up approved out in a great upstairs bedroom. She was awakened by the boy pushing himself on her. She protested loudly, but said that no one came to support her. Your customer claims the counselor may be the only person she has told that the lady was raped. For the past five days, she has experienced the snickering and sneering of Derrick and his good friends in the hallways “as they smugly drive around with their worlds intact” while the girl “dies a tad bit more inside daily. ” States she has been having trouble centering on school, and she blames herself intended for the incident, saying the lady drank a significant amount of even though the lady doesn’t believe she got very much to imbibe that night. The girl wonders out loud to the counselor if your woman could have been heavy. She begs the counselor not to inform anyone, specifically her parents. How if the counselor proceed?
B. Body system: Corey, Corey and Callanan’s Decision-Making Unit
The decision-making model selected is Corey, Corey and Callanan’s eight-step model, which will employs the six necessary moral rules for honest decision-making: autonomy; non-maleficence; beneficence; justice; faithfulness; and validity (Corey, Corey, Callanan, 2011, p. 24). Their unit is acknowledged as an effective tool for ethical decision-making because it does not leave the counselor adrift in his/her individual values and frequently arbitrary assessments (Cottone Claus, 2000, s. 279). The influences of these six moral principles are highlighted in the following job of the eight-step model: identify the problem or dilemma; recognize potential problems involved; assessment the relevant values codes and sections; relevant laws; check with colleagues; consider possible and probable choices; list the implications from the various options; select the apparently greatest course of action (Corey, Corey, Callanan, 2011, pp. 24-6). In addition , the counselor must file his/her operate every stage, for at least two reasons: to be more effective as a counselor; to document intended for other fellow workers and professionals, both to aid them also to avoid any negative final results in malpractice issues.
1 . Identify the condition or Situation
At this stage, the counselor gathers as much information as is possible and determines whether the condition poses a dilemma that may be ethical, legal, clinical, specialist and/or ethical (Corey, Corey, Callanan, 2011, p. 24). Briefly, a 17-year-old Jewish female pupil claims your woman was sexually assaulted by a 17-year-old dark-colored male student while the lady was in different states of incapacity in party: 1st passed away; then unable to effectively prevent the attack due to usage of alcoholic beverages and possibly becoming drugged. Her cries to get help had been ignored once more she is back in school, the alleged criminal and his close friends have apparently been snickering and sneering at her in the hallways “as they will smugly march around using their worlds intact” while the lady “dies more inside every day” and has difficulty focusing at school. I are the only person she has told, she will not want me to tell someone else and your woman at least partially blames herself pertaining to drinking alcohol, nevertheless she asserts she would not have very much to drink and may even have been heavy prior to the assault.
This situation postures: an moral problem regarding confidentiality; any legal trouble of specialist reporting requirements for a lovemaking assault and possible illegal drugging. and a professional issue, as I’d like to observe the supposed perpetrator and his friends in the halls of course, if they are snickering and sneering at his victim, Let me at least slap every one of them in the mind and “read the huge range act” to them to end the snicker and sneering.
2 . Determine Potential Problems Involved
By simply examining the info, involving the consumer as much as possible, list the important issues and shed the irrelevant types (Corey, Corey, Callanan, 2011, pp. 24-5). Here as much as anywhere else in the act, diversity is a crucial facet, since the counselor considers the rights, responsibilities and well being of everyone active in the situation. Variety issues will be woven in the situation since the victim can be described as Jewish-American teenaged girl whose culture may possibly impose and advance specific attitudes regarding teenaged sex, sexual invasion, a teenaged girl’s duties in disclosing herself to possible damage by participating a party and drinking alcohol, and attitudes toward African-American teenaged males. Additionally , diversity problems are presented by the claimed perpetrator, that is an African-American teenaged man, whose culture may have differing attitudes about teenaged sex, sex assault, the girl’s obligations in revealing herself to possible injury by participating in a party and drinking alcohol, and attitudes toward Jewish-American teenaged girls.
The critical problems are: client confidentiality, because she has said to tell no one else in regards to a criminal assault and drugging; and my personal legal responsibility as a mental doctor to record certain offences perpetrated against certain individuals. I will do away with vengeance (a la Vito Corleone) and discard my personal wish to are up against and privately punish the alleged criminal and his good friends because my personal feelings as to what they’ve done and what should happen to them are inconsequential.
3. Review the Relevant Ethics Codes and Sections
Through this step, the counselor locates and considers the appropriate ethics code(s) and specifically pertinent sections for the defined concerns (Corey, Corey, Callanan, 2011, p. 25). The American Counseling Relationship (ACA) can be described as not-for-profit professional/educational organization that exclusively represents professional consultants and routinely issues a code of ethics to guide professional consultants (American Guidance Association, 2016). The most recent revision of the code is the 2014 Code of Ethics (American Counseling Relationship, 2014). A lot of applicable code sections are:
a) Section A – The Counseling Relationship
my spouse and i. A. 1 ) a – Primary Responsibility
Throughout the complete counseling procedure, the counselor must be conscious that his or her primary responsibility is to esteem the patient’s dignity and promote her welfare (American Counseling Affiliation, 2014, l. 4);
ii. A. installment payments on your d – Inability to provide Consent
Your customer is a small and is legally incapable of giving consent; additionally , the counselor must consider the legal rights and responsibilities of her parents/family to protect her and produce decisions in her part (American Counseling Association, 2014, p. 4).
b) Section B – Confidentiality and Privacy
This kind of Code section, several procedures of which are applicable, guides the counselor with regards to confidentiality of client info (American Counseling Association, 2014, pp. 6-8). In this circumstance the counselor especially need to:
i. M. 1 . a – Value her legal rights, taking into consideration ethnic meanings (here, Jewish-American) of confidentiality and privacy, repeatedly discussing with the client just how and to to whom information is definitely shared throughout her treatment (American Therapies Association, 2014, p. 6);
ii. N. 1 . c – protect the customer’s confidential information and disclose it only with ideal consent or perhaps sound legal/ethical justification (American Counseling Affiliation, 2014, s. 7); 3. B. 1 ) d – explain the limitations of confidentiality and the scenarios in which confidentiality would have to always be breached (American Counseling Relationship, 2014, l. 7);
iv. B. installment payments on your e – Advise her ahead of time about any required disclosure then disclose simply essential details (American Counselling Association, 2014, p. 7);
v. N. 3. c – In the event disclosure is required in assessment with colleagues and other experts, ensure that the confidential details is revealed in adjustments that make sure as much privateness and upkeep of confidentiality as possible (American Counseling Connection, 2014, p. 7);
mire. B. your five. a – since this consumer is officially a minor, she lacks the capability to give voluntary, informed consent to release confidential information; as a result, the counselor must be guided by law, created policies and ethics (American Counseling Connection, 2014, p. 7); vii. B. five. c – particularly taking into consideration disclosure laws and regulations that will be addressed below, as the client is actually a minor, the counselor need to seek permission from a third party to disclose, notify the client of these requirement and continue to safeguard her privacy as much as possible (American Counseling Affiliation, 2014, l. 7); viii. B. several. a – Since appointment with other acquaintances may be important, the counselor must limit disclosure to only information relevant to the assessment and continue safeguarding the client’s id and other data as much as possible (American Counseling Association, 2014, g. 7);
ix. B. several. b – The counselor must reveal only the details covered by approval, only that which is fitting to the consultation and continue to safeguard the client’s identity and other information (American Counselling Association, 2014, p. 7).
c) C. 6. m – Reports to Third Parties
If the counselor must report to third parties per the law, for example about the sexual assault and drugging, the counselor must ensure his or her report is definitely accurate, honest and aim (American Guidance Association, 2014, p. 9).
4. Relevant Laws
The counselor need to make it his or her business to remain current on applicable laws and regulations, using them within the process, even though not as the final point of counseling (Corey, Corey, Callanan, 2011, l. 25). The applicable rules is found in the Florida State Statutes:
a. 743. 07 – Rights
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