Animal assessment essay thesis

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Medicines, home products, food, and basically everything mixed up in life of your average person must under go a kind of testing before it is

legal to be added to a shelf of course, if available to the public. The same assessments are performed on every medical procedure that is introduced to

surgeons. Since the simply way to directly mimic the human body is by using it

itself, experts were forced to find the closest and best option.

That is where pets were brought to the medical profession.

Experimentation about animals date back to as early as five-hundred BC, making this form

of medical validation one of the oldest seen to humans. Not necessarily only one

of the most ancient but one of the informative. Researchers use pets or animals in

medical research to study the way the body performs and how to analyze, cure, and

stop disease. Researchers also use pets for assessments to try to guard

people from risky chemicals, (Day, 13) such as those contained in

in particular, bleach, and also other household products. When live animals happen to be

used in experimentation, this kind of practice is known as vivisection. Family pets are

used in various instances since their body often respond in a similar way to

that of a human beings.

Though animals have been used in medical research pertaining to numerous years it

was not before the early twenties that it became more visible. It was in

this time that the intro of employing live, un-anesthetized, animals to

examine toxic results on an elevating array of drugs, pesticides and food

ingredients was launched. After this great advance in medical research the

results of using family pets grew with leaps and bounds. In 1970 this process

peaked with the use of millions of pets or animals. Since then, according to the

USDAs Animals Welfare Enforcement, 1, 267, 828 animals were used for medical

reasons in 1998, which is more than a fifty percent decrease since 1970.

Although this is certainly a drastic drop in pets used there were many medical

improvements, virtually every medical break through this 100 years has come regarding

since the result of exploration with pets or animals. (Office of Technology)

Of the many animals used for tests, about 90 percent with the animals

used happen to be rats, mice and other rats. Animals honestly are used for

two reasons, one because they are readily available after request, and two

because they are cheap which assists aid the top cost of family pets

testing. Although it have been proven, that in many cases, rats and

mice are not an accurate be subject to test medicines on, their particular popularity has

only grown bigger. Mechanize (a travel sickness drug) brought on severe

deformities in rats, however, not in individuals, whereas Thalidomide (a sedative

drug) caused not any reaction in rats yet cause deformities in individuals. This is

only one of many cases in which mice and rats have already been found since faulty

test subjects.

Together with the wide range of pets or animals that are available, the tests the are used about

options even vaster. The tests are split up into various

classes, which allows researchers to absolutely no in in certain parts of testing

and to designate results. The largest and most beneficial area of testing is

called Degree of toxicity Testing. In toxicity testing, animals are often exposed to

chemicals in ways that are intended to mimic man exposure, simply by ingestion

inhalation, skin area contact and contact with the eyes. The sort of animals

used in this kind of field include rodents, dogs, cats, fish, birds (chickens, hens

pigeons) rabbits, frogs, pigs, sheep, and primates. Toxicity testing is

aimed at providing information, which can be accustomed to attempt to protect

world and the environment against the dangerous effects of chemicals. (Boyd


Eye irritancy tests, the greatest and most debatable area in toxcity

testing, began in 1920. It was presented because soldiers were subjected to

mustard gas in World War I actually, their eyes began to lose and some dropped sight.

To understand the particular effects of the mustard gas more clearly scientist

used rabbits as their test subjects. They can force they eyes of the

rabbit open and enable mustard gas fester for days, they would then compare

their findings to the results on human beings. After this 1st introduction to

the benefits of

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